English Subtitles for Conversation Without Words: Nicky Clayton & Clive Wilkins at TEDxOxbridge



Subtitles / Closed Captions - English

<font color="#E5E5E5">aside from that little incident is a</font>

<font color="#CCCCCC">conversation</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> without words we made all</font> of that<font color="#E5E5E5"> not knowing exactly what</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> we were</font> going to<font color="#E5E5E5"> do next because it's an</font> improvised<font color="#CCCCCC"> dance a dialogue between the</font> leader and follower<font color="#E5E5E5"> all in response to</font> the music<font color="#E5E5E5"> now our reliance on language</font>

is one of the key features that enable <font color="#CCCCCC">us</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> humans to be so eminent on the planet</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">but maybe it's become an over-reliance</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">one that</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> binds us</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> to alternative ways of</font> thinking and see we might wonder if rather than blinding us<font color="#CCCCCC"> it's</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> possible to</font>

actually go further and think without <font color="#E5E5E5">and even beyond words</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> and that's what we</font> want to discuss here today<font color="#E5E5E5"> words what we</font> do for a living of course<font color="#CCCCCC"> in all</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> need to</font> share our experience with the world around us and with others<font color="#CCCCCC"> what clothes</font>

<font color="#E5E5E5">going to do in a moment is to read a</font> short extract from his new novel <font color="#CCCCCC">discussion</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> indeed</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> despite the reliance</font> and words in this extract<font color="#CCCCCC"> their only</font> their natural factors of vehicle<font color="#CCCCCC"> but</font> with the ideas are conveyed<font color="#E5E5E5"> we want you</font>

to concentrate instead on the emotions being described and the abstracted feelings of the character and their innocence ations in truth<font color="#CCCCCC"> of these</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">things are being thought there are not</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">words at all there are more like a</font>

series of sliding<font color="#E5E5E5"> energies</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> electrical</font> impulses detonating across<font color="#E5E5E5"> signups</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> it's</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">we might even see them as abstractions</font> attempting<font color="#E5E5E5"> to make sense of stimuli</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> in</font> responses<font color="#E5E5E5"> they only</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> appear his words</font> here in order that the experience might

more easily be shared<font color="#E5E5E5"> so</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> here goes</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">this world has me in it with these</font> people also<font color="#E5E5E5"> and the reflection in the</font> mirror has this other<font color="#CCCCCC"> me unit with these</font> same people reflected to or are they different<font color="#CCCCCC"> my reflection of me is easy</font>

<font color="#E5E5E5">to imagine as another</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> me</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> what I don't</font> fully<font color="#CCCCCC"> recognized and whose presence i</font> keep questioning<font color="#CCCCCC"> yet the reflection of</font> the couple behind me<font color="#CCCCCC"> I am I imagine</font> being the same people but merely repeated in the window

how can my reflection my observation yourself<font color="#CCCCCC"> more</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> easily</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> confuse</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> me than my</font> observation of other<font color="#CCCCCC"> person's</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> it is as</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">if my life exists on a stage like the</font> one in this<font color="#E5E5E5"> opera house</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> pounds is if my</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">life can be viewed from a seat in</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> the</font>

splendid<font color="#E5E5E5"> auditoriums simultaneously</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> when</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">interpreted as abstracted ideas floating</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">within the miasma of being this passage</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">because</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> even</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> more beautiful</font> despite the illustration being<font color="#CCCCCC"> literary</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">we also have the capacity to convey and</font>

understand ideas nonverbally<font color="#E5E5E5"> indeed we</font> use subtle and complex<font color="#E5E5E5"> non-linguistic</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">communication systems more than we</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">realize it can often</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> exists within</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> our</font> normal level of conscious thought<font color="#CCCCCC"> subtly</font> altering our interactions with the world

around us indeed<font color="#E5E5E5"> the psychologists have a</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> crummy</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">why is</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> there a mark we speak with our</font> vocal organ<font color="#E5E5E5"> but we conversed with our</font> whole body<font color="#E5E5E5"> one of the big questions here</font> is whether such signals<font color="#CCCCCC"> communicate</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> is</font>

powerfully and effectively<font color="#E5E5E5"> as words do</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">and the answer is yes and no where the</font> answer is yes<font color="#CCCCCC"> the effect can be</font> phenomenal if you understand what you're looking for<font color="#CCCCCC"> and</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> if you're tuned into the</font>

<font color="#E5E5E5">dialogue is the area where some of our</font> most important human traits are described now<font color="#E5E5E5"> languages great for</font> illuminating systems<font color="#E5E5E5"> but these other</font> forms of communication<font color="#E5E5E5"> get to the very</font> heart of the subjective experience of

thinking throwing light on who we really are and how we really feel about each other and we call it the captain thought these non linguistic forms of communication a common in the animal kingdom

<font color="#E5E5E5">rocks</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> like many other social animals</font> don't have language do<font color="#E5E5E5"> that bond and how</font> do they learn to cooperate with each other<font color="#CCCCCC"> their synchronicity</font> in this clip<font color="#E5E5E5"> reveals the connection and</font> commitment<font color="#E5E5E5"> we can see the same thing in</font>

ourselves<font color="#E5E5E5"> we learned to look and if we</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">care you know</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">splendid birds are having a little dance</font> in which they're sharing patterns that they both recognized and<font color="#E5E5E5"> and respond to</font> and want to respond to is a conversation

that doesn't use words<font color="#CCCCCC"> birds</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> don't speak</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">and here's another example of our</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">conversation without words</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">let me show you this</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> without use of</font> words at all you can follow the flow and the

illogicality of what you're experiencing <font color="#CCCCCC">even though the pattern does not make</font> sense<font color="#CCCCCC"> and i hope you can see at the back</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">we could you use your hands a little</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">tray</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> i have here for</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> playing counts</font> whichever<font color="#E5E5E5"> can't happen to be on the</font>

bottom becomes your<font color="#E5E5E5"> account and that's</font> how it's going to work so we have four cards and the bottom card is your can't <font color="#E5E5E5">look</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> at</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> everyone just put up</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> their three</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">counts on top</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">ok</font>

<font color="#CCCCCC">ok</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">the magic</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> in fact that you just saw</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> you</font> can think of it<font color="#E5E5E5"> as</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> a kind of</font> choreography<font color="#CCCCCC"> it's something</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> else we do</font> very well<font color="#E5E5E5"> recognizing patterns</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> patterns</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">are writ large in our world we see them</font>

all around us<font color="#CCCCCC"> not</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> least in the</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">organization of our cities and they</font> working for<font color="#E5E5E5"> our computers and the magic</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">effect you just saw has patterns in</font> common with many of the diverse activities that human beings<font color="#CCCCCC"> engage in</font>

as i was performing<font color="#E5E5E5"> a magic effect there</font> were at least five levels of cognition going on in my head each of which was contributing to the success of the performance let's unpack<font color="#E5E5E5"> what was happening</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> as you</font>

are watching the<font color="#CCCCCC"> card effect</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> i</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> was aware</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">the</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> you are watching whilst you are</font> perhaps unaware that<font color="#E5E5E5"> I was knowingly</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">watching you</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> while</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> monitoring at a</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">third-level what was going on i was</font> comparing everything I saw<font color="#CCCCCC"> to a patent</font>

or a model of the ideal scenario<font color="#E5E5E5"> and</font> another part of me was looking for discrepancies in that model<font color="#E5E5E5"> should they</font> occur<font color="#CCCCCC"> i would home in onion the</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">offending incident in the hope of</font> salvaging the situation after<font color="#CCCCCC"> all I'm</font>

only human i<font color="#E5E5E5"> can make mistakes</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> now not</font> one of these monitoring systems used words<font color="#E5E5E5"> it's amazing how complex this</font> process can be but<font color="#E5E5E5"> it's</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> very common</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">denominator</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> you think how we didn't know</font> these things

well maybe there is it's common knowledge that other species<font color="#CCCCCC"> we're</font> primed to seek out patterns to see the logic<font color="#E5E5E5"> contained within ideas to</font> extrapolate the overview of the things that we<font color="#E5E5E5"> experience</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> it's the way you</font>

think<font color="#E5E5E5"> some of these patterns are more</font> common than others and in<font color="#E5E5E5"> their simple</font> forms<font color="#E5E5E5"> receive things perhaps being alike</font> or different<font color="#E5E5E5"> or we have a fascination</font> for mirroring and<font color="#E5E5E5"> pairing</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> we love linear</font> forms<font color="#E5E5E5"> these are all thinking patterns</font>

simple<font color="#E5E5E5"> things thinking patterns that we</font> adopt very readily <font color="#E5E5E5">many of course are infinitely more</font> sophisticated but still beautiful<font color="#E5E5E5"> and</font> that's perhaps why they captivate our <font color="#CCCCCC">imagination</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> they appear in various</font>

guises<font color="#CCCCCC"> throughout all of our humanity</font> and history<font color="#CCCCCC"> it's</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> probably why</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> without</font> realizing it <font color="#E5E5E5">perhaps subconsciously we</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> can't so</font> closely to the improbability of what we saw<font color="#CCCCCC"> while</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> watching the magic</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> we made</font>

<font color="#E5E5E5">some finances but nevertheless</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">interested</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> in</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> recognize aspects of these</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">things they're all held in deposit rates</font> that<font color="#CCCCCC"> exist in any</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> one of a number of</font> places<font color="#E5E5E5"> amongst our daily lives within</font> our culture in our dreams<font color="#CCCCCC"> or forming the</font>

basis of our occupational expertise perhaps<font color="#E5E5E5"> so you could think of the planet</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">as an archive of the patterns we</font> discover just as a museum is an<font color="#E5E5E5"> archived</font> it contains all of our<font color="#CCCCCC"> patterns</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> and</font> interesting<font color="#CCCCCC"> it's looking</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> to</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> be the place</font>

where we find those invisible patterns we haven't yet discovered<font color="#CCCCCC"> we can often</font> resonate with the<font color="#E5E5E5"> invisible non-verbally</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">we can see the gestalt of the</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> curtain</font> even when<font color="#E5E5E5"> it's merely implied we do it</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">across all of our activities</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> for the</font>

human being is a rhythm machine <font color="#E5E5E5">yeah baby</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> anyway</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> so if this is true or</font> if we simply follow the beautiful metaphor through to its logical conclusion<font color="#E5E5E5"> we might wonder why the</font> planet vibrates in the way that it does

perhaps the reasons<font color="#CCCCCC"> are two fault</font> firstly we have an intrinsic need to be in harmony with our surroundings secondly we have a<font color="#E5E5E5"> deep-rooted desire to</font> be understood by others around us why else might<font color="#E5E5E5"> we feel the need to</font>

absorb so many patterns<font color="#CCCCCC"> so many rhythms</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">so many ideas so many ways of seeing the</font> world around it was happening when we did the tango <font color="#CCCCCC">yeah</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> and in the magic</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> of that government</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">all of these demonstrations</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> and body</font>

thinking in process<font color="#E5E5E5"> now use creatively</font> their ideas that inspire new ways of thinking <font color="#E5E5E5">and new ways of creating suppose our</font> reliance on words on language<font color="#E5E5E5"> unless</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">though if we built and constructed our</font>

brands<font color="#E5E5E5"> using</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> no semantic scheme</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> right</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> we</font> think differently well we know what we can do this in terms of<font color="#E5E5E5"> dance</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> as</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> you just seen and</font> other examples of thinking without<font color="#E5E5E5"> words</font> that we might care to think<font color="#CCCCCC"> all in its</font>

simplest form the emotions that well up inside us as we go about our daily business<font color="#CCCCCC"> RK Singh</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> point but can we</font> relegate language to the back of our minds and use other systems to configure or even reconfigure our world<font color="#CCCCCC"> now this</font>

would be a<font color="#CCCCCC"> brand new map</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> making a</font> radically new form of cartography not yet invented<font color="#E5E5E5"> and we believe</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> is</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> a real</font> potential here to be plundered our observations of birds and other animals are consistent with this undoubtedly

<font color="#E5E5E5">they can see things we can't</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> in the</font> ultraviolet<font color="#E5E5E5"> for example they think</font> differently<font color="#CCCCCC"> too although we're only</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> just</font> beginning to discover how different<font color="#E5E5E5"> do</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">despite</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> what we might believe about</font> ourselves<font color="#E5E5E5"> we are in fact not</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> all</font>

<font color="#CCCCCC">consuming there are</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> things that are</font> beyond<font color="#CCCCCC"> our</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> knowing so let's consider</font> what's not possible<font color="#CCCCCC"> thinking about Lee</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">improbable if you like in order</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> to do</font> this we perhaps have to put ourselves into the position of being a<font color="#CCCCCC"> science</font>

<font color="#CCCCCC">fiction writer perhaps something like</font> that<font color="#CCCCCC"> of</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> a</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> science fiction writer</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> being a</font> peculiar breed of<font color="#E5E5E5"> of being who generally</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">rights</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> outrageously about of</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> time at</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">least 50 years into the future and they</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">suggest things are</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> cause that</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> we all</font>

<font color="#E5E5E5">laugh at now only to be proved wrong the</font> fullness of time you understand many of <font color="#E5E5E5">us might just</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> that remember captain</font> james t kirk asking Scotty to beam<font color="#CCCCCC"> him</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">up using</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> a telephone that had no cord on</font> it in in<font color="#CCCCCC"> Star Trek</font>

<font color="#CCCCCC">Howard</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> probably all seem then and how</font> improbable is this imagine two<font color="#E5E5E5"> moons connected in such a</font> way that a single salt could be shared simultaneously<font color="#E5E5E5"> even though they're</font> separated by a great distance<font color="#E5E5E5"> so</font>

inspection or what well in this paper scientists<font color="#E5E5E5"> have</font> reported on how<font color="#E5E5E5"> they've connected the</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">brands</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> of two</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> moments of</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> two rats that</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">were</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> 1,400</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> miles apart a direct linkage</font> between brains<font color="#CCCCCC"> you can think of it as</font>

the world's first organic computer<font color="#E5E5E5"> and</font> none of this<font color="#E5E5E5"> uses language at all</font> this is thinking beyond words<font color="#CCCCCC"> indeed</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> we</font> are an amazing species<font color="#E5E5E5"> in many ways we</font> not only<font color="#CCCCCC"> second-guess</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> our planet we can</font> second-guess ourselves we<font color="#E5E5E5"> second get our</font>

future<font color="#E5E5E5"> what this space</font>



Video Description

Thinking without words is the alternative way of capturing thoughts -- a new way of thinking. This concerns the subjective experience of thinking, the use of imaginative powers to think outside the box.

Nicky Clayton (@nickyclayton22) is the Professor of Comparative Cognition in the Department of Psychology at Cambridge University, and a Fellow of Clare College. She was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 2010. She is also Scientist in Residence at the Rambert Dance Company. Her most recent collaboration with artist Clive Wilkins arose out of their mutual interest in imagination, and its consequences for consciousness, identity and memory. They also regularly dance tango together.

Clive Wilkins is a fine artist and writer, and is currently an Artist in Residence in the Department of Psychology at Cambridge University. He has exhibited widely, including at the National Portrait Gallery, London, at the Royal Academy and in private galleries in Cork Street, London -- where he had a one man show in 2007. His work can be found in public and private collections. Clive has produced portraits of Sir Howard Hodgkin and Sir Peter Blake amongst others and has been presented publicly to HRH Princess Royal. His current project, 'Moustachio', is a novel in four parts. It explores imagination and questions aspects of consciousness and reality amidst the miasma of being.

This talk was part of the "Defining Today" session at TEDxOxbridge "Timeless Ideas" in Oxford, England at the Said Business School on June 1, 2013. Find out more about TEDxOxbridge at www.tedxoxbridge.com or on Facebook or Twitter (@tedxoxbridge).

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