English Subtitles for Ed Miller's Limit Hold'em 2 Adjusting Your Play



Subtitles / Closed Captions - English

I'm often asked what skills<font color="#E5E5E5"> are most</font>

important to<font color="#E5E5E5"> go from being a good player</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">to an expert one perhaps one</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> of the most</font> underrated and least commonly used skills<font color="#E5E5E5"> is the</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> ability to change your</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">game to fit a certain game type that is</font> to change gears<font color="#E5E5E5"> to exploit the mistakes</font>

your<font color="#CCCCCC"> opponents make the money you make</font> in poker<font color="#E5E5E5"> comes from your</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> opponent's</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">mistakes</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> if you can identify those</font> errors<font color="#E5E5E5"> you can manipulate your</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">opponent's</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> so that they make more</font> mistakes<font color="#CCCCCC"> and so that the mistakes they</font>

make are more costly<font color="#E5E5E5"> learning to do that</font> well will prove to<font color="#E5E5E5"> be very profitable in</font> general<font color="#E5E5E5"> your goal when</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> you</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> adjust to</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> a</font> certain<font color="#E5E5E5"> game type is to encourage your</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">opponent's mistakes some</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> opponents play</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">to passively they don't raise an often</font>

enough<font color="#E5E5E5"> you take</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> advantage</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> of that by</font> betting<font color="#E5E5E5"> more for example if you have an</font> opponent<font color="#E5E5E5"> that plays</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> too</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> loosely place</font> too many hands<font color="#CCCCCC"> you adjust</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> to that by</font> betting<font color="#E5E5E5"> more of your weaker</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> hands</font> against the<font color="#E5E5E5"> player who folds too much</font>

you should<font color="#CCCCCC"> bet more not to get them to</font> call with weaker hands but to get them to<font color="#E5E5E5"> fold better ones in this show I will</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">introduce</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> two player and game types</font> loose and passive<font color="#E5E5E5"> and we type there are</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">other player</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> and game types Joel</font>

encounter<font color="#E5E5E5"> but these two are</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> particularly</font> profitable<font color="#CCCCCC"> and they also exercise</font> different<font color="#CCCCCC"> skill sets</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> so they're valuable</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">to study by learning to</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> adjust to</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> these</font> game types<font color="#E5E5E5"> you'll learn the process by</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">which you can adjust</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> to</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> any game type</font>

<font color="#E5E5E5">okay let's look at the running order of</font> the show first we'll do the theory section we'll look at a loose<font color="#E5E5E5"> and</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">passive game in three parts preflop the</font> flop in<font color="#CCCCCC"> turn and then</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> the river that is</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">we'll look at each betting round in turn</font>

<font color="#E5E5E5">well learn that you can play more</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> hand</font> before<font color="#CCCCCC"> the flop</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> you should bet for value</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">more often after the flop</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> but you should</font> send<font color="#E5E5E5"> me Bluff less in the tighten</font> passive game we'll also look at<font color="#E5E5E5"> it in</font> three parts

preflop<font color="#E5E5E5"> the flop</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> and turn and the river</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">and we'll learn</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> that you can again play</font> more hands but<font color="#E5E5E5"> that you should bet for</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">value less and send me both more then</font> we'll put the theory into practice by working<font color="#CCCCCC"> through a series of</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> examples</font>

where we<font color="#E5E5E5"> could take all the</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> knowledge</font> we've learned and<font color="#E5E5E5"> put it together so</font> first to loosen passive games<font color="#CCCCCC"> in loosen</font> passive games you'll have many<font color="#CCCCCC"> multi-way</font> pots<font color="#CCCCCC"> your</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> opponents will play hands they</font> shouldn't and often you'll see<font color="#E5E5E5"> the flop</font>

four five six handed few people will raise so often you'll be able<font color="#E5E5E5"> to slip in</font> for one bet in late position with a weak hand generally<font color="#E5E5E5"> your opponents call too</font> often they call too often before<font color="#E5E5E5"> the</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">flop with</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> weak hands and then they call</font>

too often<font color="#E5E5E5"> after the flop as well with</font> weak draws and even basically no draw at all you take advantage<font color="#E5E5E5"> of</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> this by</font> betting<font color="#E5E5E5"> more of your weaker hands for</font> example hands that would be too weak to bed for value against a better playing

opponent<font color="#E5E5E5"> or find a bed for value against</font> a<font color="#E5E5E5"> loose and passive player because the</font> loose player will call with many more <font color="#E5E5E5">hands and the passive player won't raise</font> you<font color="#E5E5E5"> with his better ones one thing to</font> notice about loose and passive games is

that<font color="#E5E5E5"> you'll see</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> the</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> showdown far more</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">often because at least one</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> of several</font> players will usually call all the<font color="#E5E5E5"> way to</font> the end<font color="#E5E5E5"> so because of that hand values</font> become more important in<font color="#CCCCCC"> that</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> you can't</font> rely on trying to bluff people very

<font color="#E5E5E5">often so you really need good hands at</font> the end<font color="#E5E5E5"> to</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> make money</font> so in our<font color="#E5E5E5"> discussion to lose some</font> passive games we're going to break it down<font color="#E5E5E5"> and we're first going to talk about</font> adjustments<font color="#CCCCCC"> you make before</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> the flop</font>

<font color="#E5E5E5">then we'll talk about</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> adjustments you</font> make<font color="#E5E5E5"> on the flop</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> and turn and then we'll</font> talk<font color="#E5E5E5"> about adjustments</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> you make on</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> the</font> river there are<font color="#CCCCCC"> a few important</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">adjustments before</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> the flop</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> the first is</font> that hands with<font color="#CCCCCC"> post flop strategic</font>

advantages<font color="#CCCCCC"> gained value especially hands</font> like small suited connectors<font color="#E5E5E5"> and small</font> pairs the reason is that you're going<font color="#E5E5E5"> to</font> get<font color="#E5E5E5"> paid</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> off more after the flop if you</font> make your hand<font color="#E5E5E5"> so the implied odds of</font> those hands go up<font color="#E5E5E5"> so if you have pocket</font>

threes for instance in a typical game <font color="#E5E5E5">you might expect to make only a few more</font> bets<font color="#CCCCCC"> after the flop if you make your set</font> whereas<font color="#E5E5E5"> in a loose and passive game you</font> can expect to make<font color="#E5E5E5"> several more bets</font> beyond that<font color="#CCCCCC"> because</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> several players will</font>

call you down<font color="#E5E5E5"> with weaker hand</font> likewise with a small suited connector if you make a flush or a straight you can expect to<font color="#E5E5E5"> get action on your hand</font> because of<font color="#CCCCCC"> that you can play some hands</font> from early position<font color="#E5E5E5"> that you wouldn't</font>

play<font color="#CCCCCC"> otherwise in a more typical game</font> you can play small pairs like pocket fours you could play a hand like a six suited the reason you<font color="#CCCCCC"> don't play</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> those</font> hands in a typical<font color="#E5E5E5"> game</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> is because if</font> you come in<font color="#E5E5E5"> it might be raised and rear</font>

<font color="#CCCCCC">aged</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> behind you and it might cost you</font> two or three bets to see the flop<font color="#E5E5E5"> since</font> those hands tend to have a pot equity disadvantage against people who might be raising<font color="#CCCCCC"> Andry raising you those two or</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">three bets cost you money before the</font>

flop<font color="#E5E5E5"> you have to make up for those bets</font> if you make your hand after<font color="#CCCCCC"> the flop but</font> against good and typical players<font color="#CCCCCC"> you may</font> not make<font color="#CCCCCC"> enough after the flop</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> to</font> compensate for those bets against<font color="#E5E5E5"> lose</font> passive players though<font color="#E5E5E5"> it's okay</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> because</font>

first they won't<font color="#E5E5E5"> raise very often</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> before</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">the flop because</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> their passive so if</font> they have a hand like pocket tens<font color="#E5E5E5"> they</font> might just limp in rather<font color="#E5E5E5"> than punish</font> you by raising<font color="#CCCCCC"> also they tend to call</font> too often<font color="#E5E5E5"> after the flop so if you flop</font>

a set<font color="#E5E5E5"> with say pocket threes they might</font> call<font color="#E5E5E5"> you</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> with just over cards whereas a</font> better player might not the second <font color="#CCCCCC">adjustment you should make is that you</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">should raise more liberally than you</font> would in a typical game<font color="#E5E5E5"> that's because</font>

your opponents are playing hands that are<font color="#E5E5E5"> much weaker than average so all of</font> your<font color="#E5E5E5"> hands gain pot equity advantage so</font> hands that would not have a pot equity advantage against typical players<font color="#E5E5E5"> or</font> have a product weight<font color="#E5E5E5"> advantage against</font>

bad players for instance say to people limp in and<font color="#E5E5E5"> you're on the button with</font> ace 10<font color="#CCCCCC"> off suit against</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> typical players</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">you might not raise because</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> those first</font> two limps are usually going to<font color="#CCCCCC"> be with a</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">decent hand and they might even be with</font>

the hand that<font color="#E5E5E5"> has you dominated like ace</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">Jack</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> righties queen</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> at the very least</font> they'll probably have something<font color="#E5E5E5"> decent</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">like pocket sevens</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> 8 7 suited some hands</font> against which<font color="#CCCCCC"> ace 10 is not a big</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">favorite but loose and passive players</font>

will have<font color="#E5E5E5"> all kinds</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> of</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> hands they</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> can</font> have<font color="#CCCCCC"> ten four suited they could have</font> King 9 offsuit<font color="#CCCCCC"> they could</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> have even</font> worse hands the<font color="#CCCCCC"> worst your opponents</font> hands the bigger the pot equity advantage you have so all against

typical players ace 10 off suit on the <font color="#E5E5E5">button wouldn't have an advantage</font> against<font color="#E5E5E5"> loose and passive players it</font> would another adjustment<font color="#CCCCCC"> you can</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> make is</font> that<font color="#E5E5E5"> you can play even more loosely than</font> you normally would<font color="#CCCCCC"> on the button</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> for</font>

just one bed since<font color="#CCCCCC"> loosen passive</font> players<font color="#E5E5E5"> again don't raise often enough</font> and<font color="#E5E5E5"> because they pay off with too many</font> hands after the flop<font color="#CCCCCC"> you can really</font> lower your<font color="#E5E5E5"> starting requirements for</font> instance say a couple people limp in you

should<font color="#E5E5E5"> definitely limp if you have</font> something<font color="#CCCCCC"> like Jack seven suited that</font> hand isn't<font color="#E5E5E5"> very good and you won't often</font> flop a strong hand but when you do you <font color="#CCCCCC">can expect to be</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> paid off more than</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">enough</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> to compensate for those</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> times</font>

<font color="#CCCCCC">that you don't</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> make your hand there's</font> also a couple<font color="#E5E5E5"> adjustments to make on the</font> flop<font color="#CCCCCC"> and turn the first</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> main adjustment</font> to me<font color="#CCCCCC"> is when in doubt Bank a lot of</font> hands that<font color="#CCCCCC"> you</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> might check against the</font> typical player because the typical

players tricky my check<font color="#E5E5E5"> raise you or</font> what have you you can<font color="#E5E5E5"> just bet with</font> impunity<font color="#E5E5E5"> against a loose player because</font> they'll call you too often<font color="#E5E5E5"> and they</font> won't raise you enough<font color="#E5E5E5"> loose and passive</font> players have worse hands than you expect

them to have in fact<font color="#E5E5E5"> they have worse</font> hands<font color="#E5E5E5"> then you could possibly imagine</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">anyone having they'll call with one</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> over</font> card they'll call with no over cards no draw no<font color="#E5E5E5"> anything who knows</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> why they do</font> it<font color="#CCCCCC"> but they do</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> and the</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> only way</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> to take</font>

<font color="#CCCCCC">advantage</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> of that is by betting also</font> since<font color="#CCCCCC"> they're passive they won't raise</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">you often enough when they have a good</font> hand <font color="#E5E5E5">the downside to betting is that it opens</font> you up<font color="#CCCCCC"> to a raise but if your</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> opponents</font>

don't<font color="#E5E5E5"> raise often enough then you can</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">bet more and get away</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> with</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> it</font> this is especially<font color="#E5E5E5"> true in late position</font> because<font color="#E5E5E5"> loose and passive players</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">generally don't check race unless they</font> have a<font color="#E5E5E5"> very strong hand so if everybody</font>

checks to you in a loose and<font color="#E5E5E5"> passive</font> game and you're on the button<font color="#CCCCCC"> you can</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">bet and almost all the time you won't</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> be</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">check raised because only those times</font> someone<font color="#CCCCCC"> has an absolute monster can you</font> expect<font color="#E5E5E5"> to be check raised let's look at</font>

an example<font color="#E5E5E5"> so you've got the Ace of</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">Hearts Queen of Spades on the button two</font> people have limped<font color="#E5E5E5"> in so naturally you</font> raise the big blind calls on the<font color="#CCCCCC"> to</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">limbers call the flop comes Jack of</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">Diamonds</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> seven of Hearts</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> five of spades</font>

everybody checks to you you should bet the flop is<font color="#E5E5E5"> ragged may have missed</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">everybody and even</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> if somebody</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> does have</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">a good hand you're unlikely to</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> get</font> raised<font color="#E5E5E5"> that gives you a chance to catch</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">a nature Queen on the turn so you bet</font>

<font color="#CCCCCC">two people call the turn is a</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> five so it</font> didn't help you but it probably<font color="#E5E5E5"> didn't</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">help your opponent either unless they</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">happen to have a</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> five they check to you</font> you should actually<font color="#E5E5E5"> bet again</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> against</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">two typical players two calls on that</font>

flop<font color="#CCCCCC"> jack seven five would probably mean</font> someone<font color="#CCCCCC"> had flopped a pair but against</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">loosen passive players you really can't</font> assume that<font color="#E5E5E5"> they'll call with all sorts</font> of hands<font color="#E5E5E5"> on the flop they'll call with</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">ace three they'll call with</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> King nine</font>

<font color="#E5E5E5">they'll call with a gutshot</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">well they should call with a gutshot but</font> in any event they'll call with a lot of <font color="#E5E5E5">hands that</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> aren't a pair which queen may</font> still be the<font color="#CCCCCC"> best hand</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> and you should</font> protect it<font color="#E5E5E5"> by betting in general don't</font>

fear calls from<font color="#E5E5E5"> loose and passive</font> players<font color="#E5E5E5"> loose and passive players call</font> with all sorts of<font color="#E5E5E5"> things they call when</font> they have good<font color="#E5E5E5"> hands they call when they</font> have bad<font color="#E5E5E5"> hand</font> so just<font color="#E5E5E5"> because they call it really</font>

<font color="#E5E5E5">doesn't mean</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> much at</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> all they could</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> have</font> the<font color="#E5E5E5"> same bad hand that they started with</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">don't be afraid just</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> because they call</font> even if<font color="#E5E5E5"> your hand isn't great that</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">doesn't mean</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> that you should stop</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">betting again against good players</font>

betting a marginal hand can<font color="#E5E5E5"> be dangerous</font> because you tend only to get calls from good hands<font color="#E5E5E5"> so you won't get value from</font> the weaker hands that<font color="#CCCCCC"> a loose player</font> will<font color="#CCCCCC"> get</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> and good players will raise you</font> more often<font color="#CCCCCC"> which may force you to lay 2</font>

<font color="#CCCCCC">to 1</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> that</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> is you're only making</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> one</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> bag</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">if you have the best hand but if he</font> raises<font color="#CCCCCC"> then you're paying</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> off 2 to his</font> best hand to do that you need<font color="#E5E5E5"> a stronger</font> hand but loose passive players don't<font color="#E5E5E5"> do</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">either of those</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> things</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> they don't raise</font>

their good hands<font color="#E5E5E5"> and they call with all</font> sorts of bad ones<font color="#E5E5E5"> so don't try to</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> outwit</font> loose and passive players by<font color="#E5E5E5"> betting</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">your good hands and checking your bad</font> ones<font color="#CCCCCC"> the main mistake they make is</font> calling too often and the best way to

exploit it is just to keep betting<font color="#E5E5E5"> let</font> them hang<font color="#CCCCCC"> themselves on your bets</font> in fact<font color="#E5E5E5"> you don't</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> even</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> have to win half</font> the<font color="#E5E5E5"> time you bet to make your bets</font> worthwhile because<font color="#E5E5E5"> there's money in the</font> pot<font color="#E5E5E5"> so your bets protect your hand so</font>

<font color="#CCCCCC">don't be shy about betting</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> against loose</font> and passive players<font color="#E5E5E5"> that's definitely</font> the way<font color="#CCCCCC"> to</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> be it so generally against</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">loosen passive players you should bet</font> more<font color="#E5E5E5"> often there is one kind of hand</font> though that you should actually bet less

off and it<font color="#E5E5E5"> gets loose and passive</font> players<font color="#CCCCCC"> if you have a weak draw like say</font> a<font color="#E5E5E5"> gutshot</font> you might bet it as a semi<font color="#CCCCCC"> bluff against</font> typical or tight players but against loose<font color="#E5E5E5"> and passive players it generally</font>

doesn't make much sense<font color="#E5E5E5"> to bet your gut</font> shot unless<font color="#E5E5E5"> you have some showdown value</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">to go along with it</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> for instance say two</font> players limp<font color="#E5E5E5"> and you live on the button</font> with the<font color="#E5E5E5"> 10</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> of clubs a</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> to close the</font> blinds call and the flop<font color="#CCCCCC"> comes King</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> 9</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> 6</font>

<font color="#CCCCCC">do you have a gut shot with 10 9 8 6</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">everybody checks to you against good</font> players<font color="#E5E5E5"> especially against only say one</font> or two<font color="#CCCCCC"> of them</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> you would bet as a</font> semi-gloss<font color="#E5E5E5"> because they checked which</font> means they may<font color="#E5E5E5"> miss the flop entirely</font>

<font color="#E5E5E5">and you could pick</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> the pot up against</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">loosen</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> passive players though they're</font> likely<font color="#CCCCCC"> to call you even if they did miss</font> the<font color="#CCCCCC"> fun the problem is that you don't</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">have a hand to showdown so when they're</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">calling you they actually happen to be</font>

correct<font color="#E5E5E5"> to do so this time</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> even</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> though</font> they're usually<font color="#E5E5E5"> making a mistake so on</font> the flop<font color="#CCCCCC"> in turn the main adjustment you</font> make is that<font color="#E5E5E5"> you bet more hands</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">particularly your weaker hands like</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">pairs</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> and even ace high that you might</font>

check against a better player<font color="#CCCCCC"> the</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">Bentham is because they'll call with</font> weaker hands and they won't<font color="#E5E5E5"> raise you as</font> often<font color="#CCCCCC"> as they should</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> the one exception</font> is if you have a<font color="#E5E5E5"> weak draw that doesn't</font> have any showdown value<font color="#CCCCCC"> like a</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> gunshot</font>

then you should often<font color="#E5E5E5"> check when you</font> would<font color="#E5E5E5"> have bet against better players as</font> a<font color="#E5E5E5"> semi</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> bluff</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> because you're not likely</font> to<font color="#E5E5E5"> get everyone to</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> fall on the river the</font> same principle applies you bet more<font color="#E5E5E5"> hands particularly you bet</font>

more marginal<font color="#E5E5E5"> pairs for value here's an</font> example so one player limbs and<font color="#E5E5E5"> you</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">raise on</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> the button with pocket tens</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> big</font> blind calls and the limper calls<font color="#E5E5E5"> both</font> these players are<font color="#CCCCCC"> losing passes flop</font> comes<font color="#E5E5E5"> Queen</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> 75 rainbow your</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> opponent's</font>

check you bet and they both call so what do they have<font color="#E5E5E5"> well they could have</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> a</font> queen but they can also have a seven<font color="#E5E5E5"> or</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">five in addition they could have any</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">number of</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> other hands since so loosen</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">Pass if they could have a gutshot</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> say</font>

nine eight or they<font color="#E5E5E5"> can even have all</font> sorts of<font color="#E5E5E5"> other hands like ace high as</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">four they could have King Jack they</font> could even<font color="#E5E5E5"> have</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> ten dues no sane person</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">would call with ten dudes either before</font> the flop or on the flop<font color="#E5E5E5"> but your</font>

opponents are<font color="#CCCCCC"> loose and passive</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> and they</font> tend<font color="#CCCCCC"> to call with hands they shouldn't</font> anyway<font color="#CCCCCC"> the fact</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> that your two opponents</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">have called doesn't tell you a whole lot</font> about<font color="#E5E5E5"> their hands remember don't fear</font> loose and passive players just because

they call anyway the turn comes another five your<font color="#CCCCCC"> opponent's check and you</font> should bet again<font color="#E5E5E5"> you're betting to</font> protect your hand because<font color="#E5E5E5"> over cards</font> could come an ace a king or<font color="#CCCCCC"> Jack and you</font> don't want<font color="#E5E5E5"> your opponents to catch a</font>

free card to beat you<font color="#E5E5E5"> also</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> you</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> have no</font> reason to<font color="#CCCCCC"> believe you</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> don't still have</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">the best hand five came so anyone with a</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">5</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> note beats you but your opponents</font> could<font color="#E5E5E5"> have so many</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> hands</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> you</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> can't fear</font> the<font color="#E5E5E5"> 5 and check so you bet the big blind</font>

folds<font color="#E5E5E5"> in the</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> limper</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> calls d'oeuvre is a</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">9 and your opponent checks what could</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">your opponent have it probably doesn't</font> have a 5 because<font color="#E5E5E5"> he didn't check</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> rayji</font> on the turn<font color="#E5E5E5"> he could have a queen but if</font> so he's<font color="#E5E5E5"> even for a loose and passive</font>

player he's played it pretty passively he never raised at<font color="#E5E5E5"> any point but he</font> could<font color="#E5E5E5"> have a queen he could also have a</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">Evon he could have a pocket pair smaller</font> than yours like<font color="#E5E5E5"> pocket sixes of pocket</font> threes he could have ace<font color="#E5E5E5"> high</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> king</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> high</font>

and again<font color="#E5E5E5"> he could still have</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> ten</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> high</font> now he probably<font color="#CCCCCC"> won't call you with</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> 10</font> high but he'll<font color="#E5E5E5"> probably call you with</font> ace high<font color="#CCCCCC"> and he'll certainly</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> call you if</font> he has a<font color="#CCCCCC"> seven</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> or a smaller pocket pair</font> chances are<font color="#CCCCCC"> your tens are still the best</font>

<font color="#E5E5E5">hand</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> and even when he</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> calls you</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> will be</font> the favorite<font color="#E5E5E5"> so you should bet for</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> value</font> against<font color="#E5E5E5"> the tight player you might not</font> bet there because the tight player might have only called<font color="#E5E5E5"> you on the turn with a</font> queen so now you know<font color="#CCCCCC"> the important</font>

<font color="#CCCCCC">adjustments to</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> make when your opponents</font> are loose and<font color="#CCCCCC"> passive first you play</font> more<font color="#E5E5E5"> hands before the flop particularly</font> those with high implied odds like small pairs and suited aces you raise more because your<font color="#CCCCCC"> opponents</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> our hands are</font>

weaker than<font color="#E5E5E5"> average</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> so you have a pot</font> equity advantage with more of your<font color="#E5E5E5"> hands</font> you<font color="#E5E5E5"> should bet more after the flop</font> particularly when your hand has showdown value<font color="#E5E5E5"> because often your opponents will</font> have<font color="#E5E5E5"> just a weak draw no showdown value</font>

<font color="#CCCCCC">and you need to protect</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> your hand when</font> you don't have showdown value<font color="#E5E5E5"> often you</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">should take a free card where you might</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">block</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> for semi-bluff against better</font> player finally bed your marginal hands for value on the river because your

<font color="#E5E5E5">opponents will call with weaker hands</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">let's put all those principles</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> to work</font> with two example<font color="#CCCCCC"> hands okay in the first</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">example two players limb the small blind</font> calls and you're in the big blind with <font color="#CCCCCC">Queen three offsuit</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> so you check the</font>

flop<font color="#CCCCCC"> comes</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> Queen ten five rainbow</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> two</font> you flop top pair small blind checks<font color="#E5E5E5"> so</font> you bet<font color="#E5E5E5"> you got top pair</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> there's two</font> players<font color="#E5E5E5"> and they might call you with bad</font> hands both limbers do call in the small blind folds the turn is a deuce<font color="#E5E5E5"> which</font>

puts two<font color="#E5E5E5"> spades on board you bet and one</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">of the limp errs calls the river as a</font> king I guess the tighter player you might<font color="#E5E5E5"> check because what could a tighter</font> player have well on the flop it was <font color="#CCCCCC">Queen</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> ten five and</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> he called so you</font>

<font color="#E5E5E5">could have a pair maybe Queens maybe</font> tens<font color="#E5E5E5"> maybe five he could have a gutshot</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">King nine</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> he could just have a</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> regular</font> straight draw with<font color="#E5E5E5"> King</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> Jack or Jack</font> nine but when he calls<font color="#CCCCCC"> again on the turn</font>

<font color="#E5E5E5">after</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> a deuce comes that limits his</font> hands<font color="#E5E5E5"> he probably doesn't have</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> a</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> five</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">anymore because he'd probably let that</font> go he also probably<font color="#E5E5E5"> doesn't have a</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> gutshot</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">with King 9:00 so the call on the turn</font>

he probably has a<font color="#CCCCCC"> decent pair queen or</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> a</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">10 or perhaps he's got a straight job</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">King Jack Jack</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> nine when the rivers a</font> king<font color="#E5E5E5"> that's a bad car because now you're</font> behind if he had a straight draw<font color="#CCCCCC"> King</font> Jack made<font color="#CCCCCC"> supper</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> and Jack nine makes a</font>

straight if he has a<font color="#E5E5E5"> queen you're</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">probably behind because</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> his kicker</font> probably beats yours<font color="#E5E5E5"> so really you're</font> hoping he has<font color="#CCCCCC"> a</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> 10 if you bet you might</font> well get raised<font color="#E5E5E5"> because he made</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> it</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">straight and even if you don't get</font>

raised you'll probably get called by a better hand<font color="#E5E5E5"> on the other hand against</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> a</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">loose and passive player you should</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">definitely bet loosen passive player</font> would call with all sorts of hands on the flop turn and<font color="#CCCCCC"> river</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> he call with any</font>

pair any pair of<font color="#E5E5E5"> fives</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> pair of tens pair</font> of<font color="#E5E5E5"> deuces</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> could have a pocket</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> pair of</font> pair of fours he could have a tie<font color="#E5E5E5"> he</font> could have any of a number<font color="#E5E5E5"> of hands</font> your pair of Queens is pretty good against the<font color="#E5E5E5"> range of hands a loose and</font>

passive player could have<font color="#CCCCCC"> whereas it's</font> not good at all against what a tight player would have<font color="#E5E5E5"> so since your opponent</font> is loose<font color="#E5E5E5"> and passive you make a more</font> aggressive bet on the river<font color="#E5E5E5"> with your</font> marginal pair of Queens<font color="#E5E5E5"> so now let's</font>

look<font color="#E5E5E5"> at a second example</font> so you're under<font color="#CCCCCC"> the gun with</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> pocket</font> eights and<font color="#E5E5E5"> you call two players live</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">behind you</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> the small blind folds and the</font> big blind<font color="#CCCCCC"> checks all your</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> opponents are</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">loose</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> and passive flop comes nine of</font>

Spades<font color="#E5E5E5"> five is paid to a hearts so</font> there's a flush draw on board and<font color="#E5E5E5"> you</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">have a pair just</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> smaller than the top</font> pair everybody checks to you so<font color="#E5E5E5"> you bet</font> you're betting<font color="#CCCCCC"> because your hand is</font> vulnerable<font color="#CCCCCC"> and it's quite likely that</font>

<font color="#CCCCCC">you have</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> the best hand as long as no one</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">has a</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> nine you're in good shape</font> unfortunately<font color="#CCCCCC"> everybody calls the turn</font> comes the Queen of Hearts<font color="#E5E5E5"> everybody</font> checks to you and what do you<font color="#E5E5E5"> do well</font> you bet remember against loose and

passive players the adjustment you<font color="#E5E5E5"> make</font> is you bet more of your marginal hands <font color="#CCCCCC">particularly the ones with showdown</font> value<font color="#CCCCCC"> you're not going to get check</font> raised as often<font color="#E5E5E5"> and you're going to get</font> calls from<font color="#CCCCCC"> weak your hands more than you</font>

would<font color="#E5E5E5"> against others</font> so you bet and this time only one<font color="#E5E5E5"> player</font> calls the river cards the four clubs your opponent checks what should you do well again against<font color="#CCCCCC"> the tighter player</font> you<font color="#CCCCCC"> should probably check it down</font>

what could a<font color="#E5E5E5"> tiger player be calling you</font> with<font color="#E5E5E5"> we could have</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> a flush draw</font> with two spades<font color="#E5E5E5"> but at</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> that</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> point</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> his</font> flush is missed<font color="#E5E5E5"> and he probably won't</font> call you he could have a pair but if he has a pair<font color="#E5E5E5"> he</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> is more</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> likely to have a</font>

bigger one<font color="#CCCCCC"> because</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> he's a tighter player</font> and a queen or<font color="#CCCCCC"> nine both</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> beat you so the</font> chances<font color="#CCCCCC"> that he has a pair and that</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> you</font> haven't<font color="#CCCCCC"> beaten and that he'll call you</font> are<font color="#E5E5E5"> clearly less than 50%</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> so you should</font> probably<font color="#CCCCCC"> check it down against the</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> loose</font>

player you should<font color="#E5E5E5"> definitely bet because</font> he's just as likely to<font color="#E5E5E5"> have a small pair</font> as he is a big<font color="#E5E5E5"> one and you could even</font> have worse hand like a<font color="#CCCCCC"> scientology since</font> your opponent could have more hands that you<font color="#E5E5E5"> beat</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> with pocket eights than those</font>

to beat you<font color="#E5E5E5"> you should bet and hope to</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">be called the next game type we're going</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">to talk about</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> are we tight games we</font> tight players have some<font color="#E5E5E5"> familiarity with</font> poker concepts<font color="#E5E5E5"> they know you should play</font> tight before<font color="#E5E5E5"> the flop they know about</font>

<font color="#E5E5E5">pot odds and implied odds so when they</font> have a weak draw like a<font color="#E5E5E5"> gut shot they'll</font> call when the pot is<font color="#E5E5E5"> large and they'll</font> fold one is too<font color="#E5E5E5"> small the main</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> mistake</font> that<font color="#E5E5E5"> weak tight players make is that</font> they give their opponents too much

credit when<font color="#E5E5E5"> they better raise that is</font> they assume their opponents have better hands than they actually do that<font color="#E5E5E5"> causes</font> we<font color="#CCCCCC"> tight players to call when they</font> should raise and to fold when they should call<font color="#CCCCCC"> you take advantage of</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> that</font>

mistake<font color="#E5E5E5"> by playing more hands before the</font> flop<font color="#E5E5E5"> than you would otherwise</font> and by betting more strongly <font color="#E5E5E5">particularly semi</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> Bluffs</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> after the flop</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">another change</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> in make</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> is that you don't</font> bet nearly as often<font color="#CCCCCC"> for value</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> especially</font>

on the river to sum<font color="#E5E5E5"> up the strategy</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> for</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">beating</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> a weak tight game you have</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> to</font> run<font color="#E5E5E5"> over the table you're going to raise</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">and bed often trying to force your weak</font> tight opponents off their<font color="#E5E5E5"> hands again</font> we're going to analyze preflop changes

<font color="#E5E5E5">then adjustments you make on the flop</font> and<font color="#E5E5E5"> turn and finally adjustments to make</font> on the river preflop<font color="#E5E5E5"> you can play a lot</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">more hands in a weak tight game than you</font> would in a normal game<font color="#E5E5E5"> your opponents</font> don't<font color="#E5E5E5"> raise enough</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> and raising is what</font>

prevents<font color="#E5E5E5"> you from playing marginal hands</font> particularly<font color="#E5E5E5"> when you're in late</font> position you should<font color="#E5E5E5"> play a lot more</font> hands<font color="#E5E5E5"> here's an example a weak tight</font> player limps to you and everybody<font color="#CCCCCC"> else</font> folds to you on the button you<font color="#CCCCCC"> have</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> King</font>

9 offsuit normally you'd never play<font color="#CCCCCC"> king 9 offsuit</font> outside the blind since it's not a strong enough hand there are<font color="#E5E5E5"> some</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">situations in</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> the short handed game you</font> might play it<font color="#E5E5E5"> but usually you're</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> not</font>

going to play<font color="#E5E5E5"> the hand in a weak</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> type</font> game though you might raise with it raising before the flop serves two purposes<font color="#E5E5E5"> in wheat</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> type game first you</font> may get the blinds<font color="#E5E5E5"> to fold hands that</font> they should second it makes the pot

bigger and punishes your<font color="#E5E5E5"> opponent's</font> tendency to fold on later betting<font color="#E5E5E5"> around</font> for instance say there's<font color="#E5E5E5"> four bets in</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">the pot in</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> your opponent forwards maybe</font> he's making<font color="#E5E5E5"> a small mistake but now if</font> there's<font color="#CCCCCC"> 8 bets in</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> the pot and he folds</font>

the same hand<font color="#CCCCCC"> he's making a much bigger</font> mistake than he was before the bigger the pot the worse a bad fold is since your<font color="#E5E5E5"> opponents tend to make bad</font> folds<font color="#E5E5E5"> you should make the pot bigger to</font> punish them so coming back<font color="#CCCCCC"> to our</font>

example you have<font color="#E5E5E5"> King 9 offsuit on the</font> button<font color="#CCCCCC"> 1 lumber to you and you</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> should</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">probably raise the big blind might fold</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">and when the limper calls he might fold</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">on the flop even if you miss for example</font> if the flop<font color="#CCCCCC"> comes say</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> queen 8</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> 4</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> right he</font>

checks a new bed<font color="#E5E5E5"> if he missed the flop</font> even if he's got<font color="#E5E5E5"> ace high he's likely to</font> fold<font color="#E5E5E5"> that's</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> a bad fold it turns out</font> because<font color="#E5E5E5"> your hand isn't so good but his</font> weak tie tendency will make him fold <font color="#E5E5E5">those hands that he shouldn't</font>

therefore raising before the flop<font color="#CCCCCC"> has</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">caused your opponent to fold more often</font> and his<font color="#CCCCCC"> mate has fold worse because</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> the</font> pots<font color="#CCCCCC"> bigger</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> here's another example</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> one</font> we type player limps in and you've got<font color="#CCCCCC"> 6</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">5 suited on the</font>

now<font color="#CCCCCC"> six five suit is not a very good</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">hand</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> short-handed it has no showdown</font> back<font color="#E5E5E5"> but in a</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> week tight game showdown</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">value isn't</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> so important because often</font> you<font color="#E5E5E5"> don't even get</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> to the showdown you</font> can bet your<font color="#CCCCCC"> opponents</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> off their hand</font>

before<font color="#E5E5E5"> it even gets that</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> far</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> so in a</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">week tight game it's worthwhile to</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> limp</font> in with a hand like six five suited hoping a you get lucky<font color="#E5E5E5"> if your opponents</font> happen to make a hand but<font color="#E5E5E5"> be you're just</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">going to</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> get them to fold</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> after the flop</font>

very often it's the flop<font color="#CCCCCC"> come</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> something</font> like<font color="#E5E5E5"> Jack Jack seven everybody checks to</font> you and you bet<font color="#E5E5E5"> you're often going to</font> pick up the pot<font color="#CCCCCC"> even though you don't</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">have anything</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> we type players allow you</font> to play weak hands on the button<font color="#E5E5E5"> because</font>

they'll fold to you and you'll<font color="#E5E5E5"> never</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">have to</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> show your hand out now why you</font> play more hands and unraised pots <font color="#CCCCCC">against weak type players</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> when</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> you're</font> retied opponents<font color="#CCCCCC"> raise you need to be a</font> lot more<font color="#CCCCCC"> careful particularly when</font>

you're<font color="#E5E5E5"> in the big blind you should</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">surrender some</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> hands that</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> you</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> would play</font> against aggressive<font color="#CCCCCC"> razors examples</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> might</font> be<font color="#E5E5E5"> a</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> standoff suit or even king queen</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">off suit when we type player raises who</font> often have a very<font color="#E5E5E5"> premium hand big</font>

pocket pair or perhaps<font color="#CCCCCC"> ace king against</font> those hands<font color="#CCCCCC"> a standoff suit and king</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">queen off suit are in big big trouble</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">now even though</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> you're</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> weak tight</font> opponents tend<font color="#E5E5E5"> to fold too often</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> after</font> the<font color="#E5E5E5"> flop</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> when</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> they have truly</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> premium</font>

hands like big pairs<font color="#CCCCCC"> they're going</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> to</font> call you<font color="#E5E5E5"> down too often to make calling</font> with hands<font color="#E5E5E5"> like</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> 8/10 and king queen</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">profitable so when a weak type player</font> raises you should certainly<font color="#E5E5E5"> fold in the</font> blinds<font color="#E5E5E5"> if you have one of those</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> hand</font>

the<font color="#CCCCCC"> third adjustment to make preflop is</font> one we've already talked<font color="#CCCCCC"> about a</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> little</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">bit but we should bring out on its own</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">raised more often raising those three</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">things one is it gets the blinds</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> to fold</font> hands they sometimes<font color="#E5E5E5"> shouldn't - as it</font>

tends to scare the<font color="#CCCCCC"> other players who</font> take the flop<font color="#E5E5E5"> with you and forces them</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">to try</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> to hit the flop or else they're</font> going to fold<font color="#CCCCCC"> that is if a weak type</font> player has a hand like ace<font color="#CCCCCC"> ten limps in</font> and gets raised<font color="#E5E5E5"> unless he flops an Ace</font>

or a<font color="#CCCCCC"> ten usually he's going to fold now</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">loose and passive players don't do that</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">but weak</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> tied players do fold and the</font> fact that you've raised will encourage <font color="#CCCCCC">him to do</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> so finally raising increases</font> the<font color="#E5E5E5"> size of the pot and when your</font>

<font color="#CCCCCC">opponents make bad folds the bigger the</font> pot the worse their<font color="#E5E5E5"> folds</font> remember your adjustments are trying to exploit<font color="#E5E5E5"> the mistakes your opponent's</font> naturally make since your<font color="#E5E5E5"> opponents fold too much you</font>

want to raise<font color="#E5E5E5"> the pot and force them off</font> their hands now let's move on to flop and turn adjustments like in the loose passive players<font color="#CCCCCC"> the main adjustment you</font> make is you need to<font color="#E5E5E5"> bang bet bet bet</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">again sweet tight players they fold too</font>

often and they can't fold if you don't bet<font color="#E5E5E5"> so you should bet weak hands bet</font> strong hands<font color="#CCCCCC"> bent over and over again</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">particularly you should go off</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> and send</font> me<font color="#CCCCCC"> buck</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> more often</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> if you flop a gutshot</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">you flop a flush draw</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> you flop a</font>

backdoor flush<font color="#E5E5E5"> draw</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> an</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> over card you</font> flop something you send me<font color="#E5E5E5"> Bluff with it</font> because<font color="#E5E5E5"> they're going to fold so often</font> that<font color="#E5E5E5"> you don't have to have much value</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">to</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> make it worth bluffing let's look at</font> an<font color="#CCCCCC"> example</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> fold it to you in middle</font>

<font color="#E5E5E5">position and you have Queen Jack suited</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">so you raise and both the blinds who are</font> we<font color="#CCCCCC"> type players call the flop comes ten</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">eight four with</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> two hearts so you flop a</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">gutshot in two over cards but there's a</font> flush draw on board and you<font color="#E5E5E5"> don't have</font>

the flush<font color="#CCCCCC"> suit your</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> opponent's check you</font> bet and only the big blind calls to turn <font color="#E5E5E5">is a blank the two of diamonds your</font> opponent checks against the tricky<font color="#CCCCCC"> or</font> more aggressive<font color="#CCCCCC"> player you</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> might check</font> behind because checking allows you to

try to catch a nine queen or<font color="#CCCCCC"> jack on</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> the</font> river for free<font color="#E5E5E5"> and tricky opponents</font> might check raise you but not against a weak<font color="#CCCCCC"> tight opponent</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> I give sweet tight</font> players you should certainly<font color="#E5E5E5"> bet because</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">your bed is likely to force him off his</font>

hand if he had a<font color="#E5E5E5"> four or</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> an</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> eight or</font> smaller pocket pair<font color="#E5E5E5"> we tied players tend</font> to take one off<font color="#CCCCCC"> on the flop even with</font> hands<font color="#CCCCCC"> that aren't that</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> good</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> but then on</font> the<font color="#E5E5E5"> turn they'll give up they're not</font> going<font color="#CCCCCC"> to call you</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> down with a weak pair</font>

so when he calls you<font color="#E5E5E5"> on the flop that</font> doesn't mean he's committed to calling it down<font color="#E5E5E5"> forever</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> and you should</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> certainly</font> take another shot<font color="#E5E5E5"> of the pot by betting</font> the second important flop in turn adjustment is that you need to<font color="#E5E5E5"> take</font>

raises more seriously when we<font color="#CCCCCC"> tied</font> players bet that is they make the<font color="#E5E5E5"> first</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">bet on the round that does</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">necessarily mean they have a good hand</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">sometimes they get out of line a little</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">bit</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> sometimes they're getting a</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> little</font>

frisky and sometimes they're just<font color="#E5E5E5"> trying</font> to stand<font color="#E5E5E5"> up to you because</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> you keep</font> betting<font color="#E5E5E5"> at them when they raise you</font> though they tend<font color="#CCCCCC"> to mean</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> business you</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">have a screen off suit</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> and early</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">position you raise and only a weak</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> type</font>

player in the big<font color="#E5E5E5"> blind</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> couple the flop</font> comes<font color="#E5E5E5"> King of Spades</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> Jack of Diamonds</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">for clubs so you missed and a king came</font> which is probably one of the<font color="#E5E5E5"> worst cards</font> that can come<font color="#E5E5E5"> when you have ace Queen</font> but if the weak<font color="#CCCCCC"> tie player and the big</font>

blind bets<font color="#E5E5E5"> you should consider raising</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">even though this flop is a bad</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> one for</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">you</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> your raises the semi-bluff</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> the</font> reason why you're raising is that his bet<font color="#E5E5E5"> really doesn't mean</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> that much</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> you</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">might have a king but we</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> tight players</font>

often wouldn't<font color="#E5E5E5"> bet a king the fact that</font> he's betting<font color="#E5E5E5"> might mean</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> that he has</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> a</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">weekend and he's just</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> trying to bluff</font> himself so if you<font color="#E5E5E5"> raise he might give up</font> immediately now say instead<font color="#CCCCCC"> of betting</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">he checks</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> you bet and he raises now you</font>

should consider falling immediately<font color="#E5E5E5"> the</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">weak type player probably</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> has a good</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">hand at least it came and possibly to</font> Paris at your<font color="#CCCCCC"> race Queen</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> is probably</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">drawing</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> thin or even dead the</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> third</font> adjustment you should make is one<font color="#E5E5E5"> that's</font>

useful<font color="#E5E5E5"> against all players</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> but that is</font> particularly useful against weak tight ones you should<font color="#CCCCCC"> use the cards on</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> the</font> board<font color="#E5E5E5"> to help you read your opponent's</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">hand since</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> weak tight players play</font> tightly that is they don't call very

often and they don't better<font color="#E5E5E5"> raise very</font> often either<font color="#E5E5E5"> the fact that they've</font> called<font color="#CCCCCC"> bet or raised</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> generally narrows</font> down the<font color="#E5E5E5"> range of hands more</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> than it</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">would for a normal</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> player let's look at</font> an<font color="#CCCCCC"> example</font>

you open<font color="#CCCCCC"> raised</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> in middle position with</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">king tena hearts</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> and a weak tight player</font> cold calls your<font color="#E5E5E5"> raise when we type</font> player cold calls<font color="#E5E5E5"> it could be a pretty</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">good hand against the typically</font> aggressive player they would<font color="#E5E5E5"> three bet</font>

with a wide range<font color="#CCCCCC"> of hands like</font> including pocket jacks<font color="#E5E5E5"> tens</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> ace</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> king</font> even<font color="#E5E5E5"> ace</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> queen</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> weak type players don't</font> generally like<font color="#CCCCCC"> to re-raise with those</font> hands<font color="#CCCCCC"> don't</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> usually just call you so</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> for</font> we type player calls it doesn't

necessarily<font color="#E5E5E5"> mean they have a good hand</font> but<font color="#E5E5E5"> it's more likely than</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> a normal</font> player cold call <font color="#CCCCCC">any way</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> that we type player cold calls</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">the blindfold and the flop comes</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> Jack of</font> Diamonds<font color="#CCCCCC"> jack of spades six of clubs you</font>

<font color="#CCCCCC">bet</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> and the weak type player calls now</font> against<font color="#E5E5E5"> the loose and passive player you</font> might even bet again on the turn<font color="#CCCCCC"> you</font> have<font color="#E5E5E5"> King high and that might well</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> be</font> the<font color="#E5E5E5"> best hand a loose player could call</font> on<font color="#E5E5E5"> that flop with a number of hands ace</font>

high<font color="#E5E5E5"> queen high ten high but not a weak</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">type player</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> the weak type player</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">cold-called before the flop</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> which might</font> mean he has a<font color="#E5E5E5"> good hand and then he</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">called on a flop that misses almost all</font> hands<font color="#CCCCCC"> Jack Jack</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> six he has something</font>

he's got a pocket pair he maybe has a six<font color="#E5E5E5"> and he possibly even has a jack in</font> any event<font color="#E5E5E5"> you're bluffing isn't going to</font> go anywhere<font color="#CCCCCC"> and you should</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> just give</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> up</font> on<font color="#E5E5E5"> the turn another adjustment you</font> should make is that on the turn<font color="#CCCCCC"> you</font>

should sometimes check down hand that you would normally<font color="#E5E5E5"> bet against a loose</font> player<font color="#E5E5E5"> these hands are one is to tend</font> not to be<font color="#CCCCCC"> vulnerable if you have say a</font> pair of<font color="#E5E5E5"> aces or a pair</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> of kings so that</font> no over card<font color="#CCCCCC"> could come and there's no</font>

obvious flush or straight draw on the board if you<font color="#E5E5E5"> have one of</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> those hands</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">sometimes it's worth checking down if</font> your hand isn't<font color="#E5E5E5"> that strong let's say</font> you have a pair of<font color="#E5E5E5"> aces but with a very</font> weak kicker<font color="#E5E5E5"> let's look at a concrete</font>

<font color="#E5E5E5">example</font> everybody folds to you on the button you've got ace<font color="#E5E5E5"> five off suit and you</font> raise<font color="#E5E5E5"> only the big blind again a weak</font> type player calls the flop<font color="#CCCCCC"> comes eight</font> eight eight so you flopped a pair<font color="#CCCCCC"> of</font>

aces but there's a pair of<font color="#E5E5E5"> eights on</font> board and<font color="#E5E5E5"> you have no character your</font> opponent checks and<font color="#E5E5E5"> you bet the weak</font> type player calls now again a loose player calling on<font color="#CCCCCC"> that board doesn't</font> necessarily mean a lot the loose player

<font color="#E5E5E5">could have king queen</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> or a small</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> pocket</font> pair the weak<font color="#CCCCCC"> tie player could</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> have a</font> pocket<font color="#E5E5E5"> pair also but it's much more</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">likely</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> given that he called before the</font> flop and<font color="#CCCCCC"> then he's calling on</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> a flop of</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">eight eight eight that he's got at least</font>

an ace<font color="#E5E5E5"> and maybe even an eight</font> anyway the turn is a six<font color="#E5E5E5"> if your</font> opponent checks you should consider checking<font color="#CCCCCC"> behind you don't really give up</font> much because the<font color="#CCCCCC"> pots small and it's</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">unlikely if you do have the best hand</font>

that you'll be out<font color="#E5E5E5"> drawn but if your</font> opponent<font color="#CCCCCC"> is being sneaky and</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> has a</font> better ace or even<font color="#CCCCCC"> 1/8</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> you save some money because</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">you</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> don't get cheque raised so because</font> your hand is<font color="#CCCCCC"> not very vulnerable the pot</font>

<font color="#E5E5E5">is small and your opponent is</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> weak</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> tight</font> and therefore<font color="#CCCCCC"> likely to have a better</font> range<font color="#E5E5E5"> of hands than an average player</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">you should</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> probably check in situations</font> like this<font color="#E5E5E5"> another adjustment you can</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">make</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> on the flop in turn is that you can</font>

fold<font color="#E5E5E5"> two arrays more often</font> remember<font color="#CCCCCC"> weak tight players can bet with</font> a fairly wide<font color="#CCCCCC"> range of hands</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> when they</font> raise they usually mean business let's <font color="#E5E5E5">look at an</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> example of a hand that</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> you</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">can fold to a weak tight player that you</font>

might not<font color="#CCCCCC"> be able to fold to a more</font> typical<font color="#E5E5E5"> or aggressive player you</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> have</font> pocket jacks<font color="#E5E5E5"> in early position new rates</font> everybody folds to<font color="#CCCCCC"> the weak type big</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">blind and</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> calls flop comes King of</font> Hearts<font color="#E5E5E5"> nine of Hearts seven of</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> spades we</font>

<font color="#E5E5E5">type player checks you bet he raises I</font> guess the typical player you'd absolutely have<font color="#CCCCCC"> to pay off</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> because he</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">might be</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> checked raising with any pair</font> if he<font color="#E5E5E5"> flopped a seven or a nine</font> he would probably<font color="#CCCCCC"> check create you or if</font>

you<font color="#CCCCCC"> flopped the</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> flush draw</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> with two</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">hearts you might watch a crazy</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> leaf type</font> players<font color="#CCCCCC"> generally don't do that we type</font> player if you check raises you again <font color="#CCCCCC">likely has a good hand</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> like at least a</font> king and possibly two pair or set with

your pocket jacks<font color="#CCCCCC"> you're drawing the two</font> outs against most<font color="#E5E5E5"> of those hands so you</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">can probably just fold immediately again</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">this is an adjustment you should only</font> make against<font color="#CCCCCC"> weak</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> type players if you</font> start folding pocket<font color="#E5E5E5"> jacks in those</font>

situations against<font color="#E5E5E5"> everybody you'll be</font> the weak<font color="#CCCCCC"> type player now let's look at</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">the river betting round there's two</font> major adjustments to<font color="#E5E5E5"> make on the river</font> and<font color="#E5E5E5"> the roughly opposite which you would</font> make against<font color="#CCCCCC"> to lose</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> passive player gets</font>

<font color="#E5E5E5">a weak type player you should</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> bet fewer</font> hands than normal for value because the weak type player only<font color="#E5E5E5"> calls with good</font> hands<font color="#E5E5E5"> loose passive players call with a</font> lot<font color="#E5E5E5"> of hands so you can lower your</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">standards and still get value we type</font>

players call with only a few hands so you must raise your standards<font color="#E5E5E5"> to</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">accommodate let's look at an example</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">there's one</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> limber</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> to you and you're on</font> the button with a<font color="#CCCCCC"> say tooted now</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> gets a</font> weak<font color="#E5E5E5"> type player this is a good spot to</font>

<font color="#E5E5E5">raise you might intimidate the player</font> make the pot bigger and knock out<font color="#E5E5E5"> the</font> big blind not this time though<font color="#CCCCCC"> because the big</font> blind calls and the<font color="#CCCCCC"> limper calls as well</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">the flop is</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> queen</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> eight six with two</font>

spades that puts a flush draw on board <font color="#E5E5E5">that's not of your suit but it gives you</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">middle pair your</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> opponent's check and</font> you bet they might fold<font color="#E5E5E5"> a better hand</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">not that likely but you are quite likely</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">to have the best hand with your pair</font>

<font color="#E5E5E5">eights here so you</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> definitely should be</font> the big blind folds but<font color="#E5E5E5"> the</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> limper</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> calls</font> the turn is the<font color="#E5E5E5"> seven of</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> Hearts</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> so that</font> completes a possible<font color="#E5E5E5"> straight but it</font> doesn't complete<font color="#CCCCCC"> the flush and</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> it puts a</font> card smaller<font color="#E5E5E5"> than your pair on board the</font>

we've tied player checks now this is not a place<font color="#CCCCCC"> where the</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> principle that you</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">should check down marginal hands again</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">sweet tight players on the turn applies</font> because remember<font color="#E5E5E5"> that principle only</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">applies when your hand is</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> not very</font>

<font color="#CCCCCC">vulnerable</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> that is if you have say a</font> pair<font color="#E5E5E5"> of aces or kings</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> where no over card</font> can come here<font color="#E5E5E5"> you</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> have a pair of eights</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">so a lot</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> of over cards could come and</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">you're weak tight opponent can have any</font> of<font color="#CCCCCC"> those so</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> you really don't want to</font>

give him<font color="#E5E5E5"> a free card</font> additionally if<font color="#E5E5E5"> you bet he might even</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">fold a better hand like say he's got</font> pocket<font color="#CCCCCC"> hands</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> he checks you bet and he</font> has to<font color="#E5E5E5"> think well what do you have since</font> he's a<font color="#E5E5E5"> wee tight player he's going to</font>

tend to<font color="#E5E5E5"> give you more credit</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> for a hand</font> than you probably<font color="#E5E5E5"> deserved since you bet</font> on<font color="#CCCCCC"> the flop</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> bet on the turn he's going</font> to<font color="#E5E5E5"> think you probably have at least a</font> queen<font color="#E5E5E5"> he may well fold pocket</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> tens</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> that</font> would be<font color="#E5E5E5"> terrific for you so anyway we</font>

take player checks<font color="#CCCCCC"> you bet and he calls</font> the river is the deuce of clubs your opponent checks you should<font color="#E5E5E5"> definitely</font> check this down you have a pair of <font color="#CCCCCC">eights and</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> a weak type player has called</font> you twice once<font color="#E5E5E5"> on the flop and</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> once on</font>

<font color="#CCCCCC">the turn he either had a flush draw and</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">missed</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> at which point he's</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> not going to</font> call<font color="#CCCCCC"> you or he's got a pretty good hand</font> he might<font color="#E5E5E5"> have</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> an eight but it's quite</font> likely that instead<font color="#E5E5E5"> he has a queen maybe</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">Queen Jack or even Kim queen</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> he was too</font>

afraid<font color="#CCCCCC"> to</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> raise you because that's what</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">weak type players do they give</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> you too</font> much<font color="#CCCCCC"> credit for a hand and</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> they won't</font> raise you with hands that<font color="#CCCCCC"> are good but</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">not as good</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> as the hands they think you</font> might<font color="#CCCCCC"> have</font>

so if you bet your<font color="#E5E5E5"> power</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> eight and your</font> opponent calls<font color="#E5E5E5"> you can expect to see a</font> queen more than half the time<font color="#CCCCCC"> and you</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">won't win the pot now against the loose</font> player again remember<font color="#E5E5E5"> you probably bet</font> this hand<font color="#E5E5E5"> because loose players could</font>

have any of the pair's<font color="#E5E5E5"> and your pair</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">aides would fare</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> favorite Wiggins the</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">range</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> of hands they might</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> go in we</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> tight</font> players don't<font color="#E5E5E5"> call very often so you</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">can't bet marginal hands for value</font> against<font color="#CCCCCC"> the lose passive player remember</font>

the adjustments you<font color="#CCCCCC"> make on</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> the river is</font> that<font color="#CCCCCC"> you bet more hands for value but</font> you don't Bluff nearly as<font color="#CCCCCC"> often because</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">they're less likely to fold just the</font> opposite is true against a weak<font color="#CCCCCC"> tight</font> player<font color="#E5E5E5"> you bet fewer hands for value</font>

because their hands tend to be better <font color="#E5E5E5">but you should</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> Bluff more often</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> because</font> it's more<font color="#CCCCCC"> likely they're</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> going to fold</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">so let's look at an</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> example of extra</font> bluffing<font color="#CCCCCC"> two</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> players limp and you call</font> in late position with<font color="#E5E5E5"> eight six clubs</font>

now this is a call you might make you against anyone<font color="#E5E5E5"> but again against weak</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">tight players you call more often with</font> weaker hands<font color="#E5E5E5"> the reason is you</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> don't see</font> the showdown<font color="#CCCCCC"> net often so the value</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> of</font> your hand doesn't<font color="#CCCCCC"> matter nearly</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> as much</font>

<font color="#CCCCCC">anyway the small blind</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> fold is the big</font> blind<font color="#CCCCCC"> check we see the flop</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">it's King of Spades seven of clubs five</font> of<font color="#CCCCCC"> spades</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> so there's a flush draw on</font> board and<font color="#E5E5E5"> you flopped an</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> open-ended</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">straight draw with your</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> eight six the</font>

big blind beds one player calls you should raise so when you<font color="#E5E5E5"> raise here</font> you're<font color="#E5E5E5"> doing it for two reasons</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> one is</font> you're trying for a free card with your <font color="#E5E5E5">open-ended straight draw if everybody</font> calls<font color="#E5E5E5"> and they checked you on the turn</font>

you<font color="#CCCCCC"> can check behind another</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> reason is</font> that it acts as a semi bluff<font color="#E5E5E5"> because the</font> better might not have<font color="#E5E5E5"> that</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> go to</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> hand he</font> might<font color="#CCCCCC"> after you're raised simply decide</font> to fold loose players generally<font color="#E5E5E5"> would</font> never do<font color="#CCCCCC"> that if they bet on</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> around or</font>

called<font color="#E5E5E5"> they're never going to fold for</font> one more bet back<font color="#E5E5E5"> but</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> weak type players</font> sometimes do so when<font color="#E5E5E5"> you raise you get</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">that extra</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> value</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> that you might get</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">people to fold immediately back to</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> the</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">example now in the example</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> after you</font>

<font color="#E5E5E5">raise the big blind does indeed fold</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">remember that does</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> happen sometimes but</font> the caller calls the turn<font color="#E5E5E5"> is the three clubs giving you a</font> flush draw<font color="#CCCCCC"> but not improving your</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> hand</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">otherwise your opponent checks and now</font>

with<font color="#E5E5E5"> your open-ended</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> straight and flush</font> draw you certainly<font color="#E5E5E5"> should take another</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">shot at the pot we</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> typed players fold</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">too much</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> give them a chance to</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> fold</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> so</font> you bet<font color="#E5E5E5"> he calls the rivers</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> the Jack of</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">Hearts</font>

so you missed everything<font color="#E5E5E5"> and now you</font> have<font color="#E5E5E5"> eight</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> hi your opponent checks and</font> now you should<font color="#CCCCCC"> absolutely bet against a</font> loose player you might<font color="#E5E5E5"> not even bet here</font> you might give<font color="#E5E5E5"> up it might be obvious</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">that</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> he's got a pair and</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> he's going</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> to</font>

<font color="#E5E5E5">call down not so against a weak</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> type</font> player<font color="#E5E5E5"> we type players may even fold a</font> pair they may give<font color="#E5E5E5"> you too much credit</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">for a hand</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> since you've been on</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> every</font> round<font color="#E5E5E5"> it may decide</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> that</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> their pair of</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">5s or pair of sevens is no good</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> in any</font>

event if you<font color="#CCCCCC"> have a hand with no</font> showdown value<font color="#CCCCCC"> the pots reasonably big</font> and your opponent's weak<font color="#CCCCCC"> type</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> you should</font> almost always<font color="#E5E5E5"> take one last shot at</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> the</font> pot now let's put<font color="#E5E5E5"> that theory into</font> practice with a few<font color="#CCCCCC"> exercise</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> for each</font>

<font color="#E5E5E5">exercise I'll tell you what kind</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> of</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> game</font> you're in<font color="#E5E5E5"> I'll lose</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> passive</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> one or we</font> type one so first<font color="#E5E5E5"> you're in a weak tight</font> game one player limps and<font color="#E5E5E5"> you're one off</font> the button with<font color="#E5E5E5"> the ace of clubs three</font> clubs<font color="#E5E5E5"> what should you do we'll remember</font>

in a<font color="#E5E5E5"> weak tight game you should</font> generally raise more before the flop for three reasons<font color="#E5E5E5"> one is the big blind will</font> tend to fold more<font color="#E5E5E5"> so you can get him out</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">two is the limbers will tend to be more</font> afraid<font color="#E5E5E5"> of what you have and therefore be</font>

<font color="#CCCCCC">more likely to fold after</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> the flop and</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">three when you raise you increase the</font> size<font color="#E5E5E5"> of the pot so</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> their folds after the</font> flop<font color="#E5E5E5"> are bigger mistakes with ace three</font> suited you have plenty of hand to try to <font color="#E5E5E5">take a shot</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> and raise now another weak</font>

tight example an early<font color="#CCCCCC"> position player</font> raises and one player cold calls<font color="#E5E5E5"> folder</font> to you in the big blind<font color="#E5E5E5"> and you have the</font> jack of spades<font color="#CCCCCC"> ten</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> of</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> Hearts Jack 10 off</font> suit<font color="#E5E5E5"> what should you do</font> remember we type players fold too often

<font color="#E5E5E5">but they also don't raise very often</font> before<font color="#CCCCCC"> the flop so the early position</font> players raised probably means he has a <font color="#E5E5E5">premium hand in addition</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> the cold</font> callers generally will have<font color="#E5E5E5"> better hands</font> than usual as well it's quite unlikely

that you'll be able<font color="#E5E5E5"> to win after the</font> flop without a<font color="#E5E5E5"> showdown</font> so you should<font color="#E5E5E5"> probably just fold now</font> let's try an<font color="#CCCCCC"> example from</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> a loose</font> passive game you're under<font color="#E5E5E5"> the gun</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> and</font> you've got pocket threes<font color="#E5E5E5"> what should</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> you</font>

do remember<font color="#E5E5E5"> in lose passive games hands</font> like pocket pairs and small suited connectors go<font color="#E5E5E5"> up in value</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> in addition</font> you're not likely to get raised<font color="#CCCCCC"> behind</font> you so you<font color="#E5E5E5"> can usually slip in up</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> front</font>

with the small<font color="#E5E5E5"> pocket pairs in a</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> loose</font> passive game<font color="#E5E5E5"> you should call let's try</font> another<font color="#CCCCCC"> lose passive one you're under</font> the gun<font color="#CCCCCC"> again but now</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> this time you have</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">six five suited what should you do</font> before<font color="#CCCCCC"> I said the small pairs</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> and small</font>

suited connectors<font color="#E5E5E5"> go up in</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> value in a</font> lose passive game and the small pairs go up<font color="#E5E5E5"> and value enough that it's worth</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">calling with them from under the gun</font> fortunately small suited connectors <font color="#E5E5E5">really usually aren't strong enough to</font>

play from under the gun so six five suited should still be a forward now let's go back<font color="#CCCCCC"> to a weak tight game in</font> this hand<font color="#E5E5E5"> a particularly</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> tight players</font> in the blind<font color="#E5E5E5"> even</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> tighter than average</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">for this game the first player folds and</font>

<font color="#CCCCCC">your next</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> to act with the ace of</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> hearts</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">eight hearts what should you do again in</font> a<font color="#E5E5E5"> weak tight game you should tend to</font> raise more before the flop<font color="#CCCCCC"> is eight</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">suited is a hand</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> that might be a little</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">borderline this early in position but</font>

since the blind is particularly<font color="#E5E5E5"> tight</font> and we'll fold almost all hands<font color="#E5E5E5"> to your</font> early raise you should go ahead<font color="#E5E5E5"> and</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> take</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">a</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> shot</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> of this blind raise now let's try</font> a longer lose passive example two players limp<font color="#E5E5E5"> and you're on the button</font>

with<font color="#E5E5E5"> the ace of</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> hearts</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> Jack of Hearts so</font> you raise<font color="#CCCCCC"> both blinds call and the limb</font> press call as<font color="#E5E5E5"> well the flop</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> is ten of</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">Hearts seven of</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> Hearts six a spades so</font> you have a flush<font color="#CCCCCC"> drawn to over cards</font> everybody checks to you what<font color="#E5E5E5"> should you</font>

do<font color="#E5E5E5"> pots large and you have a great draw</font> with a flush<font color="#E5E5E5"> draw</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> on two over cards</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">you're going</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> to win this pot at least</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">thirty five</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> percent of the time probably</font> more when you make top pair if you bet many players make also<font color="#E5E5E5"> this</font>

is a loose<font color="#CCCCCC"> and</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> passive game and</font> therefore<font color="#CCCCCC"> you'll have a pot equity edge</font> even<font color="#CCCCCC"> if they don't</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> call</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> it'll give you a</font> good<font color="#CCCCCC"> chance to</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> take the pot on 4th</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">Street</font> so you bet<font color="#CCCCCC"> on</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> the flop and two of the</font>

players call the<font color="#CCCCCC"> Turner's the queen of</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">clubs</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> so you missed your draw but it</font> gave you an extra<font color="#CCCCCC"> gut shot the two</font> players<font color="#E5E5E5"> check to you what should you do</font> now<font color="#E5E5E5"> well the fact that</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> two looses and</font> passive<font color="#E5E5E5"> player is called on a</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> 1076 flop</font>

doesn't necessarily mean they have very good hands<font color="#E5E5E5"> they could</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> just have a stiff</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">eight or nine they could have eight</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> high</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">they could have a small pocket pair they</font> could have a lot of<font color="#E5E5E5"> hands</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> you</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> have a</font> very strong draw still with<font color="#E5E5E5"> your flush</font>

draw<font color="#CCCCCC"> and</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> gut shot also</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> you have a draw</font> to a pair<font color="#CCCCCC"> of aces of jacks which may</font> well<font color="#E5E5E5"> be good almost</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> half the deck</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> makes</font> your hand<font color="#E5E5E5"> and you have two players you</font> probably don't<font color="#E5E5E5"> even have very good hands</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">the pot</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> is big so</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> you should bet protect</font>

your draw<font color="#E5E5E5"> hope they fold</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> if they don't</font> hopefully you'll make your drawn win a big<font color="#CCCCCC"> pot the next two examples are from</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> a</font> weak<font color="#CCCCCC"> type short-handed game</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> which may</font> well be the<font color="#CCCCCC"> most profitable</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> game type</font> possible so the game is<font color="#CCCCCC"> 5 handed and the</font>

player under the gun that<font color="#E5E5E5"> is</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> 2 off the</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">button raises the next player folds and</font> you're on the button<font color="#E5E5E5"> with King of Hearts</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">ten of</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> Spades what should you do the</font> typical adjustment you might make it<font color="#CCCCCC"> a</font> short handed<font color="#E5E5E5"> game is to start three</font>

betting people slightly<font color="#E5E5E5"> more loosely</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">because most people lower their raising</font> standards<font color="#E5E5E5"> because they think</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> that doing</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">so is necessary in a short handed game</font> but when you're<font color="#E5E5E5"> playing</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> against</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> weak</font> type players you definitely shouldn't<font color="#E5E5E5"> do</font>

that<font color="#E5E5E5"> King 10 is a huge underdog against</font> a weak tight player raising whether the game's 5 handed or 10 you need to fold let's try<font color="#E5E5E5"> another one</font> still the<font color="#E5E5E5"> 5 handed game and the big</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">blind is a tight and predictable player</font>

player under the<font color="#CCCCCC"> gun raises and you're</font> on the button now with pocket aces<font color="#E5E5E5"> Ace</font> of Hearts the<font color="#CCCCCC"> ace of diamonds now what</font> should<font color="#E5E5E5"> you do</font> normally in<font color="#CCCCCC"> wheat</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> type games you should</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">tend to</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> three bet when you</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> have a strong</font>

hand because it puts more pressure on the blind<font color="#E5E5E5"> and they're more likely</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> to</font> fold also it<font color="#E5E5E5"> gives you</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> those advantages after</font> the flop<font color="#E5E5E5"> and it bloats the</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> pot but</font> that's not true when you have pocket

aces<font color="#E5E5E5"> pocket aces is the best hand</font> possible and your<font color="#CCCCCC"> opponent's don't</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> know</font> you have it if they suspect you do if <font color="#E5E5E5">your</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> three-bed then they'll be scared as</font> they always are<font color="#E5E5E5"> and tend to fold the big</font> blind will probably fold<font color="#E5E5E5"> and the initial</font>

raiser may fold on the flop<font color="#CCCCCC"> with aces</font> you want action<font color="#CCCCCC"> you</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> don't want people to</font> fold immediately since your hand is so much<font color="#E5E5E5"> better than</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> average so in this</font> situation<font color="#E5E5E5"> you</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> should probably</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> just call</font> hope the player in the big blind<font color="#E5E5E5"> has</font>

something worth calling<font color="#E5E5E5"> with and try to</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">get some action after the flop</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> let's go</font> back<font color="#E5E5E5"> to a</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> 10 handed loose and passive</font> game two players limp<font color="#CCCCCC"> and you're on the</font> button with pocket<font color="#CCCCCC"> ends</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> the</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> 10 of hearts</font> and<font color="#E5E5E5"> 10 of diamonds naturally you raise</font>

<font color="#CCCCCC">both blindfold and only the whimpers</font> call the flop<font color="#CCCCCC"> is Queen</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> of diamond</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> 9</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> of</font> hearts<font color="#E5E5E5"> for</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> heart</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> so it puts two hearts</font> on board and it puts one over card<font color="#E5E5E5"> two</font> players check<font color="#E5E5E5"> to you to bed and both</font> players call the turn<font color="#E5E5E5"> is</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> the six of</font>

<font color="#E5E5E5">Hearts completing a possible flush</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">notice that you have the</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> ten of hearts</font> everybody checks you again<font color="#E5E5E5"> what should</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">you do well against tricky players who</font> like<font color="#E5E5E5"> to check raise you might check</font> behind<font color="#E5E5E5"> here because if you do get check</font>

<font color="#CCCCCC">raised you want you're not sure exactly</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">what to do you're 10 high flush draw</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">maybe worth drawing to but you may be</font> drawing<font color="#E5E5E5"> dead against a bigger flush</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">furthermore tricky players are</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">relatively likely to check raise you and</font>

force you<font color="#CCCCCC"> to put in two bets with a hand</font> that's really too weak to do that loosen passive players on the other<font color="#E5E5E5"> hand are</font> far less likely<font color="#CCCCCC"> to check rates and if</font> you do get check<font color="#E5E5E5"> grades</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> you might be</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">able to fold if the player who raises</font>

you<font color="#E5E5E5"> is so passive that he might only</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">check raise with a nut flush</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> a</font> possibility with some<font color="#E5E5E5"> lose passive</font> players in any event<font color="#E5E5E5"> you're far</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> less</font> likely<font color="#E5E5E5"> to be check raised in a lose</font> passive game than<font color="#E5E5E5"> at a typical one so</font>

it's worth<font color="#CCCCCC"> taking another</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> shot to</font> protect<font color="#E5E5E5"> your hand</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> to you bet one player</font> calls the<font color="#CCCCCC"> river is the two of hearts so</font> now there<font color="#E5E5E5"> are four hearts on board and</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">you have a flush with the ten of</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> Hearts</font> your opponent checks<font color="#CCCCCC"> what should</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> you do</font>

again<font color="#CCCCCC"> if your bet against the tricky</font> player you<font color="#E5E5E5"> have</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> to pay off a check</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">raised because</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> he might be bluffing</font> that makes you<font color="#CCCCCC"> slightly less inclined to</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">bet you still might bet depending on the</font> player<font color="#E5E5E5"> but it makes you consider</font>

<font color="#CCCCCC">checking against the loose and passive</font> player you shouldn't even consider checking<font color="#E5E5E5"> he's going to call with</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> a lot</font> worse hands<font color="#E5E5E5"> and if he does check</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> raise</font> he's<font color="#E5E5E5"> almost certain</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> to have the nuts</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> so</font> if you bet you<font color="#E5E5E5"> can fold to a check raise</font>

against a loose and passive player <font color="#E5E5E5">whereas you'd have to call</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> guts a tricky</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">one</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> that makes you more inclined to bet</font> some<font color="#E5E5E5"> flu sympathy players call more and</font> check raise less this<font color="#E5E5E5"> is</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> an easy value</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">back loosen passive and we tighter just</font>

<font color="#CCCCCC">two of</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> many game types for instance</font> there's all the aggressive games<font color="#E5E5E5"> but</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">learning</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> to adjust</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> your game to those is</font> exactly the same as learning<font color="#E5E5E5"> to</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> adjust</font> your game to loosen passive and<font color="#CCCCCC"> we take</font> identify the mistakes your<font color="#CCCCCC"> opponent's</font>

make and then set up<font color="#CCCCCC"> situations where</font> they'll make<font color="#E5E5E5"> those mistakes more often</font> and<font color="#CCCCCC"> more costly</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> most your</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> opponent's</font> never change<font color="#E5E5E5"> and they make the same</font> errors again and again if you get<font color="#E5E5E5"> the</font> hang of<font color="#E5E5E5"> making these adjustments you'll</font>

find<font color="#E5E5E5"> that opponents who have been</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">troublesome in the past become nothing</font> but stationary targets



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