English Subtitles for How to Prune Tomato Tree - Tamarillo - Tomate de Arbol - Maintenance - TvAgro por Juan Gonzalo Angel



Subtitles / Closed Captions - English

(music)

(narrator) A fundamental practice in the cultivation of the tree tomato is pruning, for you can obtain plants that are shorter, stronger and of a good structure. There exist three types of pruning used in the cycle of cultivation. The first is where you strip the Summit or formation pruning.

After two months in the field, we then proceed to strip the Summit. (woman) It consists of breaking what is called the plant’s apical dominance. It is the first branch and also the one that gives the plant its direction, that is to say, it stimulates it to grow vertically.

If we do not strip the Summit, prune its formation, the plant will reach a height of 4 meters or more, which will complicate its handling in the field. When we do this practice it is necessary to seal the wound a Bordeaux broth for example, for this will prevent the entrance of pathogens, fungi or other agents which may sicken the plant.

(narrator) The second pruning that is done is for maintenance. (woman) We remove all the branches, leaves and fruits either because they are affected or because they are unproductive. An unproductive branch, one that does not produce fruit, is an extra load for the plant. Therefore, we are going to remove those unproductive branches

and this will stimulate the growth of other new productive and healthier ones. Renovation Pruning consists of practically cutting all productive branches, which have reached a cycle of senescence. Senescence, meaning our crop has aged, the plant has gotten old,

because it also has its own life cycle. When the plant has aged it is necessary to do this pruning. You have to cut at around 30 to 40 cm from the base of the stem in order to allow the growth of new branches, a new productive top, and in some way, the lengthening of the productive life of the crop. (narrator) At three months, a practice called entanglement takes place.

It consists of delicately uniting the two main stems using a plastic band at a height of approximately 50 cm. This helps to steady the tree and to keep the wind from knocking it over. These plants are between 4 and 6 months of age approximately, a time in which they will need the implementation of labors

that are fundamental to their development and support. We find that we have to broaden the circumference of the hole around the tree, inserting also organic material. Why do we do this? So we can give and supply the trunk, so that the roots can work and obtain more nutrients for the development of the plant. Because this is the phase in which the plant starts to branch off

and where flowers, and thus the fruit, start to appear. (music) When we do adequate pruning we can reduce costs by stringing up the plant, because let’s remember that the tree tomato plant is a plant, a bush that is brittle, and when she is heavy with fruit it is probable that the weight can break her branches,

and we don’t want that. We must anticipate that situation by managing it appropriately. For example we take 6 fibers and place them on the stake. We place six fibers like so in order to have 12 ends, and we make this little knot, insert it here,

tighten it well so that when the stick is heavy the fiber won’t fall off. You have to tighten it well. Then you place it next to the small tree. (music) (woman) And we will tie the peripheral branches

of the plant and we will make a type of umbrella. 69 In other words, each branch is going to be banded in what will be a type of ring on the top, and the rodding will look very similar to that of an umbrella’s. This is what will be attached to the bamboo, or the stake. (narrator) This helps to sustain the weight and the quantity of the fruit, avoiding losses due to torn branches.

(music) It is important that cultivation procedures, that are timely and adequate, represent a high percentage of success of plant health in the field. (music)



Video Description

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Tamarillo, is a small tree or shrub in the flowering plant family Solanaceae (the nightshade family). It is best known as the species that bears the tamarillo, an egg-shaped edible fruit.[2] It is also known as the tree tomato,[tamamoro, and tomate de árbol in South America.
The tamarillo is native to the Andes of Ecuador, Colombia, Peru, Chile, and Bolivia. Today, it is still cultivated in gardens and small orchards for local production, and it is one of the most popular fruits in these regions. Other regions of cultivation are the subtropical areas throughout the world, such as Rwanda, South Africa, India, Hong Kong, China, United States, Australia, and New Zealand.
The first internationally marketed crop of tamarillos in Australia was produced around 1996, although permaculture and exotic fruit enthusiasts had increasingly grown the fruit around the country from the mid-1970s on.
In New Zealand, about 2,000 tons are produced on 200 hectares of land and exported to the United States, Japan[6] and Europe. For the export, the existing marketing channels developed for the kiwifruit are used.
The tamarillo is also successfully grown at higher elevations of Malaysia and the Philippines, and in Puerto Rico.[5] In the hot tropical lowlands, it develops only small fruits and fruit setting is seldom.
Prior to 1967, the tamarillo was known as the "tree tomato" in New Zealand, but a new name was chosen by the New Zealand Tree Tomato Promotions Council in order to distinguish it from the ordinary garden tomato and increase its exotic appeal. The choice is variously explained by similarity to the word "tomato", the Spanish word "amarillo", meaning yellow,[7] and a variation on the Maori word "tama", for "leadership".[citation needed]
Flower cluster
The plant is a fast-growing tree that grows up to 5 meters. Peak production is reached after 4 years, and the life expectancy is about 12 years. The tree usually forms a single upright trunk with lateral branches. The flowers and fruits hang from the lateral branches. The leaves are large, simple and perennial, and have a strong pungent smell. The flowers are pink-white, and form clusters of 10 to 50 flowers. They produce 1 to 6 fruits per cluster. Plants can set fruit without cross-pollination, but the flowers are fragrant and attract insects. Cross-pollination seems to improve fruit set. The roots are shallow and not very pronounced, therefore the plant is not tolerant to drought stress, and can be damaged by strong winds. Tamarillos will hybridize with many other solanaceae, though the hybrid fruits will be sterile, and unpalatable in some instances.
Fruit
Unripe fruits
Ripe fruits
The fruits are egg shaped and about 4-10 centimeters long. Their color varies from yellow and orange to red and almost purple. Sometimes they have dark, longitudinal stripes. Red fruits are more acetous, yellow and orange fruits are sweeter. The flesh has a firm texture and contains more and larger seeds than a common tomato. The fruits are very high in vitamins and iron and low in calories (only about 40 calories per fruit
Pruning can help to control fruit size, plant size, harvest date and to simplify the harvest of fruits.[4] Cutting the tip of young plants leads to the desired branch height. Once the tree shape has been formed, pruning is reduced to the removal of old or dead wood and previously fruited branches, since branches that have already carried fruits will produce smaller fruits with lower quality the next time. Light pruning leads to medium sized, heavy pruning to large sized fruits. Basal shoots should be removed. When plants are grown in greenhouses, pruning prevents excessive vegetative growth.

When the tree is about 1 to 1.5 metres in height, it is advisable to cut the roots on one side and lean the tree to the other (in the direction of the midday sun at about 30 to 45 degrees). This allows fruiting branches to grow all along the trunk rather than just at the top.
Tamarillo seedlings, 6 months old
Mulching

Since the plants are sensitive to drought stress, mulching can help to preserve moisture in the soil.[6] It can also be a strategy to suppress weeds, as other soil management techniques such as plowing is not possible due to the shallow and sensitive root system.
More info at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tamarillo

Juan Gonzalo Angel
www.tvagro.tv