English Subtitles for TEDxBrussels - David Cuartielles - Open Source Hardware-



Subtitles / Closed Captions - English

<font color="#CCCCCC">have to say previous presentation</font>

<font color="#CCCCCC">putting contrast</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> to my presentation is</font> super threatening<font color="#E5E5E5"> so I want to try to</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">keep a super low profile have nothing</font> that talks<font color="#CCCCCC"> besides myself</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> so</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> so I</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> am the</font> mid-40s<font color="#CCCCCC"> I am researching in interaction</font> design<font color="#CCCCCC"> a</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> PhD candidate and</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> Mama</font>

<font color="#CCCCCC">university</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> in</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> sweden i'm also research</font> fellow is quite unique to be at the same time<font color="#E5E5E5"> research fellow and PhD candidate</font> over here can explain how<font color="#CCCCCC"> i made it that</font> far and<font color="#E5E5E5"> what thing is</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> I'm also one of</font> the<font color="#CCCCCC"> cofounders</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> of the Arduino platform</font>

<font color="#CCCCCC">I don't know</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> if you're familiar to the</font> Arduino platform have to say like three <font color="#E5E5E5">words about it</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> is</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> one of the first open</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">source hardware platforms</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> and that's</font> what my my talk is<font color="#E5E5E5"> all about open source</font> hardware<font color="#E5E5E5"> so</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> i'm the</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> co-founder of</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> your</font>

<font color="#CCCCCC">inner platform i am responsible for</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">dissemination and education so are doing</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">is all about learning all the</font> electronics and transforming the way we understand our everyday lives<font color="#E5E5E5"> because in</font> our everyday lives

<font color="#CCCCCC">editors</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> are everywhere you know</font> elevators<font color="#CCCCCC"> around with microcontrollers</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">in an average car</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> there's 70-mile</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">controllers</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> your</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> microwave oven</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> has</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">microcontrollers</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> so there's computers</font> everywhere<font color="#CCCCCC"> so how we do educate people</font>

about how they can modify or control <font color="#E5E5E5">this</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> completes different computers</font> well the answer to me<font color="#E5E5E5"> is</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> open source</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">hardware how to make things easier for</font> everybody <font color="#CCCCCC">open source hardware it's about things</font>

like this is<font color="#E5E5E5"> supreme in</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> Mexico</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> last year</font> when<font color="#CCCCCC"> i was looking for ways on educating</font> kids about<font color="#E5E5E5"> the technology by using only</font> components found locally<font color="#E5E5E5"> so</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> I went out</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">in the markets and</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> I</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> look for stuff</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> I</font> could<font color="#E5E5E5"> find in</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> Mexico and we will open</font>

source hardware robots that<font color="#CCCCCC"> it could</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">lead to replicate when</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> I wasn't there</font> any longer so it's about sharing <font color="#CCCCCC">obviously</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> it's about making things</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">showing them to other people and so on</font> so<font color="#CCCCCC"> I</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> learn about the world because the</font>

world is obviously physical<font color="#CCCCCC"> so even</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> though we</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> talked a</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> lot</font> about how we can deal with software<font color="#CCCCCC"> we</font> can share software I mean things are still there and<font color="#CCCCCC"> we</font> have to touch them so the words<font color="#E5E5E5"> are all</font>

things physical<font color="#CCCCCC"> an open-source Hardware</font> on<font color="#CCCCCC"> highway engineers</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> are also</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> other</font> things<font color="#E5E5E5"> physical</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> I'm not just about</font> electronics<font color="#E5E5E5"> is about physical objects</font> like this<font color="#E5E5E5"> so open source hardware can be</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">able to open sourcing</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> anything your</font>

chair<font color="#CCCCCC"> your car your fork or knife you</font> know<font color="#CCCCCC"> but</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> I</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> mean I said</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> I</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> would</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> usually</font> focus<font color="#E5E5E5"> on education so when I want to try</font> to explain you about how<font color="#CCCCCC"> i see education</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">and</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> how we can transform education to</font> reach the kind of future<font color="#E5E5E5"> we're talking</font>

about so I'm a professional educator<font color="#CCCCCC"> I</font> mean I know what I'm talking about <font color="#E5E5E5">because</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> I have absolute proof about my</font> first paid gig ever when<font color="#CCCCCC"> I was</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> 13 years old</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> a classmate of</font> mine had a lot of problems with

understanding vectors in algebra<font color="#E5E5E5"> so</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> i</font> stayed<font color="#E5E5E5"> a couple of days after school</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">explaining</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> her how things worked on this</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">1i</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> what paid with i still give</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> them my</font> drawer <font color="#E5E5E5">you know they helped me</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> remember</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> and</font>

keeping things real and<font color="#E5E5E5"> women remember</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">that education is about sharing</font> knowledge with other people<font color="#CCCCCC"> in our</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> the</font> age of 13 I cannot go around asking for money and<font color="#E5E5E5"> i have to say how terrible</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">taste in</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> stocks</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> back then so as I said</font>

<font color="#CCCCCC">indicating</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> is about teaching people</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">thinks i know and i know about</font> electronics<font color="#CCCCCC"> you know the first thing I</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">actually got</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> from my dad</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> was it from</font> Commodore 64 computer<font color="#CCCCCC"> they happily broke</font> at the age of<font color="#CCCCCC"> 10 and I learn</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> how to fix</font>

at the age of<font color="#CCCCCC"> 12</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> so</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> the</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> thing</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> is I I</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">really have learned is that</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> i learned</font> the most when<font color="#CCCCCC"> I teach</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> others will have</font> to make the effort of preparing myself to explain something somebody else<font color="#E5E5E5"> have</font> to put me in a situation of being this

other person<font color="#E5E5E5"> and explaining what i</font> understand the<font color="#CCCCCC"> feeling trying to</font> transmit<font color="#CCCCCC"> so</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">in essence</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> i think i believe that the</font> best educational method is based<font color="#E5E5E5"> on they</font> want one interaction like this<font color="#CCCCCC"> you have</font>

<font color="#CCCCCC">a question</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> and</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> i</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> share my answer with</font> you you need the whole course<font color="#CCCCCC"> and I sit with</font> you for a whole week until<font color="#E5E5E5"> you get there</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">but we know this is very unsustainable</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">you know this will not lead us anywhere</font>

<font color="#CCCCCC">I mean we'd have to population in the</font> world to<font color="#CCCCCC"> our</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> subjects so we can teach</font> the other half the population in the world about something<font color="#E5E5E5"> so in essence</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> but</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">we need tools schools need tools and if</font> we want to teach people about the

technology<font color="#E5E5E5"> we need</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> little tools on this</font> goes beyond computers because computers are really<font color="#CCCCCC"> good in</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> doing some things but</font> we need to be able of measuring the world<font color="#CCCCCC"> we</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> need to be able of you</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> know</font> measuring distance<font color="#E5E5E5"> measuring speed</font>

<font color="#CCCCCC">mention the</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> intensity of light amount of</font> water<font color="#E5E5E5"> in</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> vase we need to be able to</font> utilize and all that information and use it in the learning process<font color="#E5E5E5"> one very</font> important aspect to me is the equal access rights

<font color="#E5E5E5">this means if you have a classroom</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> i</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">have one computer for</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> 30 kids that's of</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">course inspiring the computer sits there</font> you have one computer<font color="#E5E5E5"> per kid</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> then all</font> of them have the same rights<font color="#E5E5E5"> you have a</font> lot of the<font color="#CCCCCC"> University and</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> you have one</font>

<font color="#CCCCCC">prototype in</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> said that you have one</font> robot<font color="#E5E5E5"> then the guy</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> controlling the road</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">we learn something</font> you know I studied in<font color="#E5E5E5"> Germany and our</font> school had 300 students in computer science in computer architecture and we

had<font color="#E5E5E5"> been software licenses for 300</font> students so<font color="#CCCCCC"> I</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> want access at 3am</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> that's</font> when<font color="#CCCCCC"> I was allowed to go to the lab I'm</font> program because<font color="#CCCCCC"> he was a time in the day</font> when<font color="#CCCCCC"> I was student number</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> 301</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> I was</font> allowed to you<font color="#E5E5E5"> know access the computer</font>

and<font color="#E5E5E5"> get to</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> decide my software i'm</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> going</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">to</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> design</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> my</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> hardware</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> you know equal</font> access means that you should be able to getting things available when you need them for the<font color="#E5E5E5"> monetary</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> meet them</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> and</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">equally as all the other students and if</font>

we have open tools we can<font color="#E5E5E5"> minimize the</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">cost we can maximize the effect we can</font> reach more people <font color="#E5E5E5">well you know how this</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> works</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> with</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> open</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">source software</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> this is an example</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> of an</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">open-source version of space invaders I</font>

don't know<font color="#E5E5E5"> if you're familiar to this</font> game<font color="#E5E5E5"> if you're</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> old enough</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> you will know</font> well now you can make it fit in<font color="#E5E5E5"> an 8-bit</font> microcontroller<font color="#CCCCCC"> and this</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> is an example</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">of something that</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> people have made</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> on</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">the platform</font>

<font color="#CCCCCC">I</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> design but you know free software and</font> open source software<font color="#CCCCCC"> that offer easy</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">dissemination yellow for cheap</font> deployment because we can make use of local support networks<font color="#CCCCCC"> is</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> very important</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">we're going</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> to work with local people to</font>

support our software<font color="#E5E5E5"> to support the way</font> we use it and so on<font color="#CCCCCC"> so</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> we don't need to</font> have a remote company somewhere in a different country<font color="#E5E5E5"> to go ask questions to</font> help<font color="#CCCCCC"> disk</font> well<font color="#CCCCCC"> the thing</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> can be applied to</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> open</font>

<font color="#CCCCCC">source</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> hardware</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> it</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> will start to work</font> more and more with<font color="#CCCCCC"> open source</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> hardware</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">we can get all these resources locally</font> because<font color="#CCCCCC"> they're more</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> and more people</font> getting access to the education that is needed to be able to build up these

things<font color="#E5E5E5"> is an example of an open-source</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">hardware we</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> recently but I have really</font> no time to go into it so<font color="#CCCCCC"> i think one of</font> the most important things<font color="#E5E5E5"> shared</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">experiences you know when you have open</font> tools<font color="#CCCCCC"> the thing i have</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> realized</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> over</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> the</font>

last six years of my life when<font color="#E5E5E5"> I've been</font> working with<font color="#CCCCCC"> this open-source Hardware</font> project<font color="#CCCCCC"> that people are willing to share</font> you know when they get something that you think is<font color="#E5E5E5"> a given then</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> they are</font> really really really<font color="#CCCCCC"> interesting things</font>

<font color="#E5E5E5">back so</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> I set up</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> a website</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> where</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> with my</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">partners</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> everyone</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> is allowed to your</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">stock commander things are due</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> and the</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">thing just keeps on</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> growing and growing</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">we have like 45 million hits</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> amount</font> where people just like uploading the

<font color="#CCCCCC">project to</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> share with others because</font> they know what they do is on the same free spirit of freedom that they are getting the tools with so<font color="#CCCCCC"> I'm</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> going to</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">make a demo</font> oh here he is so<font color="#E5E5E5"> instead</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> i know i told</font>

<font color="#E5E5E5">you is a really hard to compare</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> this guy</font> to<font color="#E5E5E5"> their previous presentation</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> i</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> have to</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">say</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> i</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> will</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> Ted</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> in two weeks from idea to</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">realization</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> with the</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> help of a 45</font> friends<font color="#E5E5E5"> when</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> i finally said i was going</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">to come to</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> the</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> stock</font>

<font color="#E5E5E5">not even sure it's going to work so that</font> cannot<font color="#E5E5E5"> he can fall asleep</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> and wake up he</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">can practice with gymnastics then he</font> really likes music<font color="#E5E5E5"> and so</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> he built his</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">own cellphone</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> is pretty large if</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> I knew</font> how to dance<font color="#CCCCCC"> i will be dancing right now</font>

<font color="#E5E5E5">but</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> I</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> much rather impressive buttons</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> so</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">I guess you get the idea a little bit</font> and<font color="#CCCCCC"> my slightly</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> I need to make my</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">closing remarks</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> so</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> thank you</font> so<font color="#E5E5E5"> instead he was taking</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> a rest</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> after</font> this<font color="#CCCCCC"> hard exercise</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> but</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> I</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> mean it can be</font>

argued a lot about what do you actually learn with something like this<font color="#CCCCCC"> i mean</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">it's really hard to compare this project</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">too many of the things</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> we're going to be</font> talking about today<font color="#CCCCCC"> you have to put this</font> in context

<font color="#CCCCCC">I mean first of all you learn by doing</font> this thing<font color="#E5E5E5"> obviously</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> i did this but</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> now</font> that I know how to make it<font color="#CCCCCC"> i can be</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">redoing this thing with kids but then on</font> top of that there<font color="#E5E5E5"> is a lot about the</font> idea of action reaction<font color="#E5E5E5"> about</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> playing</font>

music<font color="#E5E5E5"> this is actually tune</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> cell phone</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">turned off</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> the music experts here you</font> notice<font color="#E5E5E5"> it's like four notes</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> in the</font> pentatonic<font color="#E5E5E5"> scale is perfectly tuned</font> but you can<font color="#E5E5E5"> make it by hand you know you</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">can teach everybody about how it works</font>

you can<font color="#CCCCCC"> get yourself you can share with</font> other somebody<font color="#E5E5E5"> can make comments on it</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">you know that's the whole idea of</font> sharing behind the<font color="#CCCCCC"> open source</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> hardware</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">and when it counts about the future</font> <font color="#E5E5E5">because you're here about the future</font>

<font color="#CCCCCC">I mean my whole</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> talk</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> hasn't really been</font> about<font color="#E5E5E5"> what</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> happened in</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> 50 years time</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">it's all about how we have to transform</font> education reach it<font color="#CCCCCC"> reach</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> that level</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> with</font> <font color="#CCCCCC">discussion</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> in 50 years time you know</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> the</font>

tools<font color="#E5E5E5"> are available off-the-shelf</font> nowadays we have to work<font color="#CCCCCC"> and</font><font color="#E5E5E5"> making</font> available<font color="#E5E5E5"> for everybody</font><font color="#CCCCCC"> so that's all</font> for today<font color="#E5E5E5"> thank you very much</font>



Video Description

David Cuartielles is a Spanish microchip engineer, Independent Design Professional, and Electronics Laboratory Director at Malmo University, Sweden. David is the creator and co-founder of Arduino, which is an open-source single-board microcontroller, descendant of the open-source Wiring Platform, designed to make the process of using electronics in multidisciplinary projects more accessible. Arduino can sense the environment by receiving input from a variety of sensors and can affect its surroundings by controlling lights, motors, and other actuators. Cuartielles and his team share their discoveries with the rest of the world (Arduino can be built, bought, and sold by anyone, anywhere) with the idea that open-source hardware is fundamental to the advancement of the world's technology.

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